Orlov, Egor Ivanovich
Born Feb. 2 (14), 1865, in the village of Pokrov, in what is now Kniaginino Raion, Gorky Oblast; died Oct. 14, 1944, in Moscow. Soviet chemical engineer. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1929).
After graduating from Moscow State University in 1894, Orlov taught at the Kostroma Chemical Engineering School. He was a professor at the Kharkov Institute of Technology from 1911 to 1927 and director of the Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of the Silicate Industry from 1927 to 1932. Beginning in 1932 he taught at the D. I. Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering.
Orlov’s main works dealt with chemical kinetics and catalysis and with the preparation of formaldehyde, soda, sulfuric acid, chlorine, and silicates. In 1908 he synthesized ethylene using a mixture of CO and H2; the German chemists F. Fischer and H. Tropsch perfected the process in 1926. Orlov designed the first Formalin plant in Russia, which was built in 1909–10. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
WORKSFormal’degid: Ego dobyvanie, svoistva i primenenie, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1935.
Issledovaniia v oblasti kinetiki khimicheskikh reaktsii i kataliza, 2nd ed. Kharkov-Kiev, 1936.
Glazuri, emali, keramicheskie kraski i massy, 3rd ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937–38.