Timkovskii, Egor Fedorovich
Born Apr. 23 (May 4), 1790, in the village of Egorskaia Timkovshchina, in Zolotonosha District, Poltava Province (in what is now Cherkassy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR); died Feb. 9 (21), 1875, in St. Petersburg. Russian diplomat.
Timkovskii, who was descended from the dvorianstvo (nobility), graduated from Moscow University in 1811. From 1813 to 1820 he was secretary of the council of the Main Administration of Transportation in St. Petersburg. In 1820 and 1821 he accompanied a Russian Orthodox mission to Peking. From 1821 to 1830 he was director of a division in the Asian department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from 1830 to 1836 he was the consul in Iasi, Rumania. After resigning in 1836, Timkovskii returned to the foreign service in 1845, and from that year to 1875 served in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In his three-volume work A Journey to China Via Mongolia in 1820 and 1821 (parts 1–3,1824), Timkovskii described the everyday life, economy, mores, and religion of the Mongols and provided a wealth of information about China and its capital city. This work, which has been translated into English, French, and German, is still valuable as a source on the history of the Mongols.
N. TS. MUNKUEV