Egyptian Uprisings

Egyptian Uprisings

 

(1919 and 1921), national liberation uprisings of the Egyptian people against the British colonialists. The uprisings broke out under the influence of the October Socialist Revolution in Russia.

The uprising of 1919 was preceded by a mass demonstration in Cairo on March 9, protesting the arrest of S. Zaghlul, the leader of the Wafd Party. On March 10 the workers of Cairo went on strike. British troops opened fire on the strikers and demonstrators on March 11, sparking an all-Egyptian uprising that seized almost all of Egypt on March 12. By March 18 all of the British garrisons in upper Egypt had been driven out or besieged, and the rebels had liberated large areas of lower Egypt. Revolutionary ruling bodies were formed in many cities and villages. Massing a large army in Egypt, the British imperialists suppressed the uprising. Sporadic fighting continued until the end of April, and major revolutionary battles were fought in Cairo and Alexandria between September and November 1919. A second anti-British uprising broke out on Dec. 23, 1921, and lasted until early 1922.

Although the uprisings of 1919 and 1921 were suppressed, they dealt a severe blow to British domination in Egypt. In February 1922, Great Britain gave up its protectorate over Egypt and formally recognized its independence.

References in periodicals archive ?
Told by prominent Egyptian artists, this documentary witnesses the critical role revolutionary street art played in the struggle for social and political change during the Egyptian uprisings and how those same artists are now being repressed once again.
Having followed and written on the Egyptian uprisings since 2011 , on the third anniversary of the (not yet realised) revolution, I find myself somewhat befuddled.
Yet equally significant is the fact that the climate of freedom engendered by the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings has hit back against Ghannouchi and Mursi.
Mousa presented her paper on the Social Change panel, which covered the topic of why Christians protested in the Egyptian uprisings but not in the recent Syrian uprisings.
Most of them know nothing about social networking sites except what they heard during the Libyan and the Egyptian uprisings.
11, while covering the Egyptian uprisings in Cairo's Tahrir Square, the 40-year-old TV and radio journalist was surrounded by an angry mob of men and ripped away from her CBS crew.
There have been no protests, but the regime's security forces have reacted as if the eruption of a Chinese version of the Tunisian or Egyptian uprisings is imminent.
As well as the advent of 24-hour news coverage, the internet and social media, Arab populations, following Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings, no longer have a world view letterboxed by fear.
The Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings are not, as some armchair pundits have called the Tunisian one, Jasmine revolutions.
The Libyan upheaval is particularly significant to oil markets because in contrast to the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings, it has disrupted supply.
Leaders of the move had earlier alleged that they intended to hold a rally in support of the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings, but protestors did not chant any slogan in support of the Tunisians or Egyptians, and damaged buildings and properties and set up roadblocks by setting fire on garbage cans during the rush hour in the Iranian capital, instead.
Ongoing mass demonstrations and protests in some Arab capitals is an unmistakable sign to the domino effect of the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings.

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