Adolf Eichmann

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Eichmann, Adolf

(īkh`män), 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section. Eichmann promoted the use of gas chambers for the mass extermination of Jews in concentration camps, and he oversaw the maltreatment, deportation, and murder of millions of Jews in World War II. Arrested by the Allies in 1945, he escaped and settled in Argentina. He was located by Israeli agents in 1960 and abducted to Israel, where he was tried (1961) and hanged for crimes against the Jewish people and against humanity.


See biography by D. Cesarani, Becoming Eichmann (2006); H. Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem (1963, rev. ed. 2006); J. Donovan, Eichmann: Mastermind of the Holocaust (1978); P. Rassinier, The Real Eichmann Trial (1980); D. E. Lipstadt, The Eichmann Trial (2011); B. Stangneth, Eichmann before Jerusalem: The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer (2014).

Eichmann, Adolf


Born Mar. 19, 1906 in Solingen in the Rhineland; died June 1,1962, in Ramleh, Israel. Fascist German war criminal.

Eichmann joined the security service of the SS (Schutzstaffel) in 1934 and subsequently headed the subsection on Jewish affairs. In World War II he helped to draft and implement plans for the physical extermination of the Jewish population in Europe, and he was directly in charge of the shipment of Jews to concentration camps. After the defeat of fascist Germany, Eichmann fled to Argentina. In 1960 he was seized by agents of the Israeli intelligence service. Eichmann was sentenced to death after being tried by a court in Jerusalem and was executed in the prison in the city of Ramleh.

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The findings of Israeli historians add a new dimension to our knowledge of the political background of the Eichmann trial.
Foremost among the larger issues at stake in the Eichmann trial was the assumption current in all modern legal systems that the intent to do wrong is necessary for the commission of a crime.
The subtitle of Hannah Arendt's book about the Eichmann trial is A report on the banality of evil.
See the online Nizkor Project: The Complete Materials of the Eichmann Trial in Jerusalem at <http://www.
It took at least those 16 years from the end of WWII until the Eichmann trial, before the Holocaust began to become part of the public discourse in Israel.
In the Eichmann trial it was the defense that argued that the trial did not represent "victor's justice" because Israel had not been in existence during World War II, and, furthermore, had yet to come into existence when the alleged crimes took place.
Lipstadt is a professor of modern Jewish and Holocaust studies at Emory University and the author of "The Eichmann Trial," published in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Eichmann trial.
Section three is concerned with politics, form, and genre with essays examining the Eichmann trial, early post-war British television, and the 2004 film Downfall, a depiction of Hitler's final days.
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Given the nationalization of the proceedings, she consequently drew a distinction of crimes against humanity--the principle of the Nuremberg War Crime Tribunals (1945-46)--versus crimes against Jewry, which informed the Eichmann trial.
Musmanno was a controversial figure who began his legal career as a champion of Sacco and Vanzetti, and who dismally concluded his career as a red-baiting McCarthyite and a buffoon of crass self-promotion at the Eichmann trial.
Karl Jaspers writes to Hannah Arendt: "The Eichmann trial is unsettling .