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a particular type of pictorial memory, primarily of visual impressions, that permits one to retain and reproduce an extraordinarily vivid image of a previously perceived object—an image that in clarity and detail is almost a copy of the originally perceived image.
Eidetic memory is present in some form and to some degree in all persons, and especially in children and teen-agers, but is seldom encountered in a clear-cut form. One of the first to describe eidetic memory was the Russian researcher Urbanchich (1907). The basic research on eidetic images was done by the German psychologist E. Jaensch and his students in the 1920’s.
REFERENCESVygotskii, L. S. “Eidetika.” In Osnovnye techeniia sovremennoi psikhologii. [Collection of articles.] Moscow-Leningrad, 1930. (Published in abridged form in Khrestomatiia po oshchushcheniiu i vospriiatiiu. Moscow, 1975.)
Luriia, A. R. Malen’kaia knizhka o bol’shoi pamiati. Moscow, 1968.
Haber, R. N., and M. Hershenson. The Psychology of Visual Perception. New York, 1973.