Eiffel, Alexander Gustave

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eiffel, Alexander Gustave


Born Dec. 15, 1832, in Dijon; died Dec. 28,1923, in Paris. French structural engineer.

Eiffel graduated from the Ecole Céntrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris in 1855. He used metal structural members to build a number of bridges, viaducts, and other structures, including a bridge over the Douro River at Porto, Portugal. Eiffel became world famous for the wrought-iron latticed tower known as the Eiffel Tower, which is approximately 300 m high and was built according to his specifications for the Paris International Exposition of 1889 as a symbol of the technological achievements of the 19th century. During the erection of the tower, a number of advanced assembly methods were used.

Beginning in 1900, Eiffel devoted himself mainly to research in aerodynamics.


Besset, M. Gustave Eiffel. Paris, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.