Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave

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Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave

(ī`fəl, Fr. älĕksäN`drə güstäv` āfĕl`), 1832–1923, French engineer. A noted constructor of bridges and viaducts, he also designed the Eiffel TowerEiffel Tower,
structure designed by A. G. Eiffel and erected in the Champ-de-Mars for the Paris exposition of 1889. The tower is 984 ft (300 m) high and consists of an iron framework supported on four masonry piers, from which rise four columns uniting to form one shaft.
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 and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty (see Liberty, Statue ofLiberty, Statue of,
statue on Liberty Island in Upper New York Bay, commanding the entrance to New York City. Liberty Island, c.10 acres (4 hectares), formerly Bedloe's Island (renamed in 1956), was the former site of a quarantine station and harbor fortifications.
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. He was initially charged with corruption in the 1888 scandal of Ferdinand de LessepsLesseps, Ferdinand Marie, vicomte de
, 1805–94, French diplomat and engineer. He entered the consular service in 1825 and was minister to Spain (1848–49). Later, while serving in Egypt, he conceived the idea of a Suez Canal, and in 1854 he obtained from Said Pasha,
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's failed Panama Canal project, but was cleared of all wrongdoing by a French appeals court in 1893. Nonetheless, he withdrew from commercial life and spent the rest of his years studying aerodynamics.


See his The Resistance of the Air (1913, tr. 1913).

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