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(dō`gĕn), 1200–1253, Zen master (see Zen BuddhismZen Buddhism,
Buddhist sect of China and Japan. The name of the sect (Chin. Ch'an, Jap. Zen) derives from the Sanskrit dhyana [meditation]. In China the school early became known for making its central tenet the practice of meditation, rather than adherence
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) and founder of the Sōtō Zen school in Japan. After studying in China, he received the seal of enlightenment and succession to the Ts'ao-tung (Sōtō) school. In 1236 he established the first independent Zen temple in Japan. Sōtō Zen stresses zazen, sitting meditation, based on the Buddha's own practice. Whereas for Rinzai Zen koanskoan
[Jap.,=public question; Chin. kung-an], a subject for meditation in Ch'an or Zen Buddhism, usually one of the sayings of a great Zen master of the past. In the formative period of Ch'an in China, masters tested the enlightenment of their students and of each other
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 are a means to enlightenment, Sōtō stresses the identity of practice and attainment. Dōgen, unlike many Zen masters, stressed practice without rejecting scripture.


See H.-J. Kim, Dōgen Kigen, Mystical Realist (1975); Y. Yokei, Zen Master Dōgen (1976); F. Cook, How to Raise an Ox (1978); C. Bielefeldt, Dōgen's Manuals of Zen Meditation (1988); G. Snyder, The Teachings of Zen Master Dogen (1992).

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Without any particular methodology for achieving specific states of consciousness, the founder of Japanese Soto Zen, Eihei Dogen, advises the meditator to "just sit" with crossed legs, facing a wall, and to notice phenomena and thoughts arising in the present moment, letting them transform and fade away as they will.
(20) Eihei Dogen, "Actualizing the Fundamental Point" in Moon in a Dewdrop, 71.
In a fascicle titled Plum Blossoms (Baika [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) to be found in the Treasury of the True Dharma Eye (Shobogenzo [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), the incomparable Japanese Zen Master Eihei Dogen [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1200-53) invokes the poetic discourse of his late and great Chinese teacher, Rujing Tiantong [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1162-1228), with whom Dogen had studied in China and with whom he experienced his celebrated libratory "falling away of body and mind" (shinjin datsuraku [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
The True Dharma Eye: Zen Master Dogen's Three Hundred Koans is a compilation of koans by the thirteenth-century Zen Buddhism master Eihei Dogen. First published in Japan in 1766, this new version features extensive commentary and interpretation for each koan by the abbot of Zen Mountain Monastery of Mount Tremper, New York, John Daido Loori Roshi.
The thirteenth-century Zen teacher Eihei Dogen described its weight of presence thus: "there are mountains hidden in treasures.
The great Japanese master Eihei Dogen -- whose Shobogenzo is a particularly rich collection of koan commentaries and essays on Zen practice -- saw spiritual practice (particularly the Zen form of contemplation known as zazen) and enlightenment as inseparable.
(2.) Eihei Dogen, thirteenth-century Zen Master and poet.
By its ripening, as the thirteenth-century Buddhist teacher Eihei Dogen wrote, the white milk of the rivers grows fragrant and sweet.