Christiaan Eijkman

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Eijkman, Christiaan

(krĭs`tyän īk`män), 1858–1930, Dutch physician. He was head of the Pathological Institute of Batavia and later (1898–1928) professor of hygiene at the Univ. of Utrecht. His work at Batavia on the cause of beriberiberiberi
, deficiency disease occurring when the human body has insufficient amounts of thiamine (vitamin B1). The deficiency may result from improper diet (e.g.
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 led to the isolation of the antineuritic vitamins. For this he shared with F. G. Hopkins the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
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Christaan Eijkman (IKE-man) surveys a hospital ward packed with victims of beriberi a common disease in the far east.
Things moved pretty slow in those days, and it wasn't until 1900 that a Dutch medical officer, Cristiaan Eijkman, studied beriberi in East Indian prison camps, and found that people who ate polished rice got beriberi.
Since Eijkman had found that beriberi could be cured by dietary means (see 1896), biochemists had become aware of other examples of dietary-deficiency diseases.
Much research has focused on the question of how humans see, perceive, and remember pictorial information (Baggett |7~; Canelos, Taylor, and Dwyer |8~; Carpenter and Just |9~; Eijkman |10~; Fisher |4~; Hochberg |12~; Loftus |13~; Loftus and Bell |14~).
Christian Eijkman shared a 1929 Nobel Prize "for his discovery of the antineuritic vitamin.
Poorterman JH, Van Weert CM, Eijkman MA: Quality assurance in dentistry: The Dutch approach.
Since the work of Eijkman on beriberi (see 1896), bio-chemists had discovered a number of vitamins that, like the vitamin B that cured beriberi, were water-soluble and contained rings made up of carbon and nitrogen molecules.
Schuurs AHB, Duivenvooreen H J, Van Velzen SK, Verhage F, Eijkman MAJ, Makkes PC: Sociodemographic correlates of dental anxiety.