Christiaan Eijkman

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Eijkman, Christiaan

(krĭs`tyän īk`män), 1858–1930, Dutch physician. He was head of the Pathological Institute of Batavia and later (1898–1928) professor of hygiene at the Univ. of Utrecht. His work at Batavia on the cause of beriberiberiberi
, deficiency disease occurring when the human body has insufficient amounts of thiamine (vitamin B1). The deficiency may result from improper diet (e.g.
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 led to the isolation of the antineuritic vitamins. For this he shared with F. G. Hopkins the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
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Specifically, women reported having dental anxiety more frequently than men, while men more commonly experienced severe dental fear and phobia (Berggren; Doebling & Rowe, 2000; Doerr, Lang, Nyguist, & Ronis, 1998; Locker, Shapior, & Liddell, 1996; Rowe & Moore, 1998; Schuurs, Duivenvooreen, Van Velzen, Verhage, Eijkman, & Makkes, 1985).
Gorter, Eijkman, and Hoogstraten found that Dutch dentists who attended a career counseling program that focused on cognitive and behavioral techniques reported less emotional exhaustion and greater personal accomplishments than did the dentists who did not attend the individual and group counseling sessions.
Christaan Eijkman (IKE-man) surveys a hospital ward packed with victims of beriberi a common disease in the far east.