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Related to Einkorn: emmer
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a group of wheat species in which usually only one grain develops in each spikelet. The compact, flattened head, or ear, has a fragile axis. The spikelets are arranged on the axis singly or in two rows; they are biflorate, with one fertile flower and one usually underdeveloped flower. The grain is scaly and cannot be threshed. The plants are diploid, having two sets of seven chromosomes. Of the four species, one is cultivated and three are wild.

The cultivated species, Triticum monococcum, is a spring plant measuring up to 130 cm high. Its stems are resistant to lodging. In the USSR, the plant is encountered in the Crimea and the Caucasus, where it grows as a rare admixture among plantings of other wheats and as a weed. In some countries of southern Europe, it is grown as a feed crop.

The wild einkorns—wild small spelt (T. boeoticum), T. thaoudar, and T. urarthu—differ from the cultivated einkorn in a number of ways. They are winter crops, and they are shorter than T. monococcum. Their stems generally lodge, and their ears are narrower and more fragile. T. boeoticum and T. thaoudar grow along dry mountain slopes and in light mountain forests in the Balkans, the Crimea, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, and Southwest Asia. T. urarhu is encountered on dry foothills in Armenia. The young plants are suitable for livestock feed. The hard beaks and awns of the spikelets of mature plants can damage the stomach wall of animals.


Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although modern wheat does have nutritional downsides, there are countless varieties of heirloom wheat in addition to the ancient wheats einkorn, emmer and spelt.
According to the book, the atmosphere of the Mediterranean (cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers) chose for certain wild grasses (einkorn and emmer wheat) that put away quite a bit of their vitality in large seeds.
The founding crops of agriculture -- emmer and einkorn wheat, barley, lentils, peas, and flax -- were first farmed ten thousand or so years ago, which led to innovations like forged plows and scythes during the Iron Age, grafting expertise eventually followed, and then, most importantly, garden gnomes appeared in Britain in the 1840s.
There are many ancient wheat varieties, such as emmer, einkorn and red fife, that are also poised for growth."
The DNA of the wheatknown as einkorn was collected from sediment that was once a peat bog next to a river.
Collaboratively compiled and edited by the culinary team of Shanna and Tim Mallon, "The Einkorn Cookbook: Discover the World's Purest and Most Ancient Form of Wheat" is an impressively illustrated, 176 page culinary compendium comprised of recipes for dishes that are as palate pleasing and appetite satisfying as they are nutritious and kitchen cook friendly to prepare.
A third heritage variety is einkorn wheat, which dates back to pre-Neolithic times and survives on poor soils where other species of wheat fail.
They cultivated six-row barley, einkorn and emmer wheat, jujubes and dates,
urartunot einkorn wheat [32] and also don't agree with the results of Guzman et al.
Except for wheat breeders, producers, and scientists, few people have probably ever heard of einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum), an ancient variety still cultivated in some parts of the Mediterranean.