Eino Leino

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Eino Leino
BirthplacePaltamo, Finland
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Leino, Eino


(pseudonym of Eino Lönnbohm). Born July 6, 1878, in Paltamo; died Jan. 10, 1926, in Tuusula. Finnish writer.

Leino studied at the University of Helsinki. His first collections of lyrical poems include many which were written in the spirit of folk songs, such as Ballad of the Great Oak (1896) and One Hundred and One Songs (1898). His play Pentti Pääkkönen (1905) and the novel Tuomas Vittikka (1906) are directed against the social elite. The novel Jaana R ö nty (1907) is devoted to the revolutionary events of 1905 in Russia. Social and philosophical concerns dominate the poems in the collections Winter Night (1905) and Frosts (1908). In his play Salt of the Earth (1911), Leino presented an unfavorable picture of the Finnish bourgeois intelligentsia. He wrote six series of plays entitled Masks (1905–11) and the cycle Kalevala on Stage (1911). In the years 1911–13 he published the antibourgeois tetralogy Slave, which showed the influence of the European decadent school. Tragic themes become stronger in Leino’s later lyrics, as in his collection The Wind-kantele (1919). He also wrote the novel An Illustrated Book of My Life (1925).


Kalevala näyttämöllä: Sovittanut, series 1–3. Helsinki, 1911.
Kootut teokset, 2nd ed., vols. 1–16. Helsinki, 1931–1949.
Runot 1. Helsinki, 1961.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. [Introduction by L. A. Virolainen.] Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. [Verse]. In Poeziia Finliandii. Moscow, 1962.


Maailman kirjat ja kirjailijat. Edited by T. Anhava. Helsinki, 1957.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Shortly after his marriage, opportunities and exposure accelerated, first with the publication of his large-scale collection of settings of poet Huugo Jalkanen (1918-1920), and then nineteen songs to Eino Leino poems (1920).
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Hyry's books have been translated into Estonian, German and Swedish and he has won many other national awards, including the 2005 Eino Leino Prize.
On the back cover there is a reference to perhaps the most famous Finnish poet, Eino Leino (1878-1926), whose "Whitsun Hymns" are still much quoted.
As the book progresses to the twentieth century, there are more Finnish writers, and famous ones at that: Juhani Aho, Maria Jotuni, Aino Kallas, Eino Leino, Arvo Turtiainen, Mika Waltari.
The subtitle of Hannu Makela's Mestari (The Master), "The Life and Death of Eino Leino," accurately characterizes the work as a biographical novel about one of Finland's best and most beloved poets.