Caesura

(redirected from Einschnitt)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

caesura

1. (in modern prosody) a pause, esp for sense, usually near the middle of a verse line.
2. (in classical prosody) a break between words within a metrical foot, usually in the third or fourth foot of the line
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caesura

 

in poetry, a regular break between words in a poem.

In classical poetry, a caesura usually occurred within a foot; in accentual-syllabic verse it usually coincides with the foot ending. The caesura occurs after the second foot in the iambic pentameter line, as in “Eshche odno ∥ poslednee skazan’e” (“Yet one last tale,” Pushkin); after the third foot in iambic and trochaic hexameter lines, for example, “Dni pozdnei oseni ∥ braniat obyknovenno” (“The days of late autumn are usually cursed,” Pushkin); and occasionally after the second foot in the amphibrachic tetrameter line, as in “Gliazhu kak bezumnyi, ∥ na chernuiu shal’” (“I gaze like a madman upon the black shawl,” Pushkin). The longer the line, the greater the need for a caesura. Usually a strong intonational pause, a caesura approaches the strength of a line ending. As with a clausula, the foot preceding a caesura may by truncated or augmented; it may also rhyme, for example, “Tri u Budrysa syna, ∥ kak i on, tri litvina” (“Budrys has three sons, like him, Lithuanians,” Pushkin).


Caesura

 

in music, a division between sections of a musical work. Together with other factors, a caesura ensures the perception of the articulation of a work and its structure. There are no special markings to indicate a caesura; in part, phrasing ligatures permit their location to be judged. In a number of instances, a caesura coincides with natural pauses between notes; they always appear after melodic and harmonic cadences, after a hold, and at transitions to a repeat. The significance, or impact, of a caesura is proportional to the scale of the sections it divides and the degree to which they appear a completed entity. In a number of instances, varying opinions concerning the location and significance of a caesura are possible; together with other features, such differences mold the distinctiveness of individual interpretations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Nichts ist deutlicher und scharfer', he argued, 'als der Einschnitt, den die Jahre 1989 und 1990 auch in die literarische Geschichte der Bundesrepublik gesetzt haben, und nichts verwirrender als die Ungreifbarkeit eines deutlichen Anfangs nach diesem deutlichen Ende.' The question, and it is one that Schirrmacher, Baumgart, and Bullivant all seek to answer, is: in what direction will the new literature develop?
Dem gegenwartigen Forschungsstand gemass stellt das Ende der Siedlungsplatze der Asva-Gruppe einen gravierenden Einschnitt in der Entwicklung im Siedlungswesen dar, und lasst die Pramisse zu, dass sich hinter diesem Bruch wesentliche Umstrukturierungen in den subsistenzbezogenen Wirtschaftsweisen verbergen, die nicht ohne Auswirkungen auf die sozio-politischen Beziehungen und Verhaltnisse geblieben sein konnen.