Eisenach


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Eisenach

(ī`zənäkh), city (1994 pop. 42,580), Thuringia, central Germany. It is an industrial center and rail junction. Industries include tourism, the manufacture of machinery, metal and wood products, chemicals, and electrical goods. The well-known Wartburg automobile factory was forced to close in 1991 due to economic hardship following German reunification, but a new Opel automobile plant opened the following year. There are salt mines and saline springs in the region. Eisenach was founded c.1150 and was chartered in 1283. The city passed to the house of Wettin in 1440, to the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in 1485, and to Saxe-WeimarSaxe-Weimar
, Ger. Sachsen-Weimar, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. The area passed in the division of 1485 to the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty and remained with that branch after the redivision of the Wettin lands in 1547, when Elector John Frederick I
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 (later Saxe-Weimar–Eisenach) in 1741. It often served as a residence of the electors of Saxony and the dukes of Saxe-Weimar. The German Social Democratic party was founded there (1869) at the Congress of Eisenach. The city's noteworthy buildings include the Church of St. Nicholas (12th cent.) and an 18th-century castle. Nearby is the famous Wartburg castle. Johann Sebastian Bach was born (1685) in Eisenach and Martin Luther studied there (1498–1501), beginning his translation of the Bible in the Wartburg.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eisenach

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, in Erfurt District, on the Hörsel River. Population, 50,000 (1975). Eisenach is a railroad junction. Machine building, including the manufacture of Wartburg automobiles, plays an important role in the local economy. The city also has textile, furniture, and chemical industries. Cultural institutions include a museum devoted to J. S. Bach, who was born in the city. Luther and Goethe also lived in Eisenach.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Eisenach

a city in central Germany, in Thuringia: birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach. Pop.: 44 081 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Eisenach To get a better education the young Luther was sent to live with relatives in the handsome town of Eisenach, which then had 3,000 inhabitants - 300 of whom were monks and nuns.
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Girsky, who is also head of the supervisory board of the German car maker, spoke at an event at Opel's facility in Eisenach, Germany.