Eisenach


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Eisenach

(ī`zənäkh), city (1994 pop. 42,580), Thuringia, central Germany. It is an industrial center and rail junction. Industries include tourism, the manufacture of machinery, metal and wood products, chemicals, and electrical goods. The well-known Wartburg automobile factory was forced to close in 1991 due to economic hardship following German reunification, but a new Opel automobile plant opened the following year. There are salt mines and saline springs in the region. Eisenach was founded c.1150 and was chartered in 1283. The city passed to the house of Wettin in 1440, to the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in 1485, and to Saxe-WeimarSaxe-Weimar
, Ger. Sachsen-Weimar, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. The area passed in the division of 1485 to the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty and remained with that branch after the redivision of the Wettin lands in 1547, when Elector John Frederick I
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 (later Saxe-Weimar–Eisenach) in 1741. It often served as a residence of the electors of Saxony and the dukes of Saxe-Weimar. The German Social Democratic party was founded there (1869) at the Congress of Eisenach. The city's noteworthy buildings include the Church of St. Nicholas (12th cent.) and an 18th-century castle. Nearby is the famous Wartburg castle. Johann Sebastian Bach was born (1685) in Eisenach and Martin Luther studied there (1498–1501), beginning his translation of the Bible in the Wartburg.

Eisenach

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, in Erfurt District, on the Hörsel River. Population, 50,000 (1975). Eisenach is a railroad junction. Machine building, including the manufacture of Wartburg automobiles, plays an important role in the local economy. The city also has textile, furniture, and chemical industries. Cultural institutions include a museum devoted to J. S. Bach, who was born in the city. Luther and Goethe also lived in Eisenach.

Eisenach

a city in central Germany, in Thuringia: birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach. Pop.: 44 081 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been suggested that spinal anaesthesia leads to a lower incidence of chronic pain compared with general anaesthesia (4), but this was not supported by either our study or that of Eisenach et al (7).
At Eisenach, with its wonderfully preserved Old Town, the Christmas market is in Wartburg Castle, a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage building dating to 1067 and perched on top of a large hill overlooking the town.
But even with that basic knowledge, Eisenach - which was once part of East Germany - and this unspoilt area is relaxing and refreshing.
In fact, recent research conducted by Jeffrey Eisenach found that, "total potential uncollected sales tax revenues in 2008 were approximately $3.
Addams, Jane (2006), "The Subjective Necessity of Social Settlements", in Eisenach, Eldon J.
The car was delivered to him new from Eisenach in Germany when he was 21.
He described the Eisenach plant in eastern Germany as "a significant resource for the production of [Opel] Corsas for the long term," and said the plant was "very competitive".
Althaus, whose state hosts an Opel plant in the town of Eisenach, said a plan in which the protection of German jobs was not taken into account was a non-starter.
Global Banking News-2 March 2009-Opel in talks with Daimler to sell Eisenach plant(C)2009 ENPublishing - http://www.
This trip was not about the former East, but you cannot escape the fact it happened and, just 10 minutes before our first destination of Eisenach, there is a road sign saying you are now crossing the one-time border.
Eisenach is also the birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach and a visit to the Bach House, as well as the Luther House, is recommended, while a half - hour drive away, in Gotha, you could visit Friedenstein Palace, which has links with our own Royal Family.
Simon's journey begins in Eisenach, East Germany, where JS Bach was born in 1685.