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Yeisk, Yeysk, Eisk
a city in Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR, a port on the coast of the Sea of Azov, the terminus of a branch line of the Rostov-on-Don-Tikhoretskaia railroad. Located 247 km northwest of Krasnodar and 172 km southwest of Rostovon-Don. Population, 66,000 (1971; 45,000, 1939).
Industries in Eisk include machine building and metalworking (flatbed printing presses, semiautomatic hydraulic copiers), fruit and vegetable canning, meat processing, garments, and footwear. Eisk, the chief town of a fishing region, has a fish processing plant, a ship-repair dock, and a cooperage. It is the home of the Attraktsion Plant and has a mixed-feed and grain-elevator combine. The city contains a maritime fishing technicum and an agricultural mechanization technicum, schools of medicine and pedagogy, a people’s amateur theater, and a museum of local lore. Eisk came into being in 1848 as a seaport on the shore of an artificially created bay.
Eisk is also a balneologic, mud-bath, and climatic health resort of the steppe zone. Summers are very warm; the mean July temperature is 24°C. Winters are moderately mild; the average temperature in January is −4°C. Precipitation averages some 440 mm annually. Therapeutic resources include waters containing weak sulfides, nitromethane, chlorine, and sodium, used for baths, irrigations, and inhalations; therapeutic mud (the silty mud of Lake Khanskoe, 55 km from Eisk); grapes; and sea bathing on a sandy beach from June through September. Treatment is available for disorders of the organs of motion and support, the peripheral nervous system, and the skin, for gynecological conditions, and for the sequelae of poliomyelitis. Eisk has sanatoriums, a mineral-water and mud-bath clinic, rest homes, and tourist centers.
REFERENCEMerkur’ev, V. I. Eisk: Putevoditel’, 2nd ed. Krasnodar, 1969.
IU. E. DANILOV