Shining Path

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Shining Path,

Span. Sendero Luminoso, Peruvian Communist guerrilla force, officially the Communist party of Peru. Founded in 1970 by Abimael Guzmán Reynoso as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist offshoot of the Peruvian Communist party, the Shining Path turned to terrorismterrorism,
the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances.
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 in 1980. By the mid-1980s it had several thousand guerrillas, largely in rural central and S Peru. The group began urban terrorism in the late 1980s. In 1992 President FujimoriFujimori, Alberto
, 1938–, president of Peru (1990–2000), b. Lima, Peru. The son of Japanese immigrants, he was educated in Peru and attended Univ. of Wisconsin. Fujimori was an unknown economist when he scored an upset in the 1990 presidential elections.
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 instituted martial law, and the subsequent capture and life sentence of Guzmán and the jailing of most the organization's central committee diminished their guerrilla raids and largely ended any serious threat to the government. The group persisted, however, continuing its attacks on a smaller scale, and experienced a minor resurgence from 2007, when it became involved in protecting the illegal cocaine trade. In 20 years of fighting as many as 69,000 people, most of them civilians, died. In 2003, Guzmán's conviction was overturned, but a new proceeding in 2004 ended in a mistrial. Guzmán was retried a second time beginning in 2005, and was convicted in 2006 and sentenced to life in prison. In 2012 the government claimed to have defeated a remnant group operating in central Peru; other remnants remained in S Peru.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tras 21 anos de una guerra que dejo dos millones de muertos y cuatro millones de desplazados, el gobierno central decidid firmar un acuerdo de pacificacion con el Ejercito Popular de Liberacion de Sudan (EPLS), de tendencia cristiana y animista, cuya zona de influencia abarca el sur del pais africano.
Uno de los involucrados, de acuerdo con fuentes oficiales, es el ex jefe de inteligencia del Ejercito Popular de Liberacion Mayor General Ji Shengde, pendiente aun de juzgar, quien se asegura acepto sobornos de mas de tres millones 600 mil dolares de manos de Lai Changxing, el jefe de la banda de contrabandistas que huyo al extranjero.
Al menos 29 oficiales del Ejercito Popular de Liberacion, entre los que se encuentran 24 coroneles y un capitan de navio, realizan un curso de dos semanas para conocer la mecanica de toma de decisiones del gobierno de Estados Unidos respecto al apoyo que concederia a la considerada "provincia rebelde", y estar mejor preparado a un combate directo contra el Pentagono.
14) EPLJMMP: Ejercito Popular de Liberacion Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon.
Castano mismo nego la autoria pero declaro que Hurtado era un "marxista-leninista empedernido", cofundador del guerrillero Ejercito Popular de Liberacion colombiano.
En ese tiempo se desmovilizaron otros grupos principalmente el Movimiento 19 de Abril (M-19) y el Ejercito Popular de Liberacion (EPL) y subsistieron las FARC y el Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (ELN).
Asimismo, se organizo un destacamento militar destinado a estacionarse en Hong Kong compuesto por fuerzas terrestres, navales y aereas del Ejercito Popular de liberacion de China, el cual se encarga de la defensa de la Region Administrativa Especial, como un importante indice de la recuperacion de la soberania por parte de China.