Ekman transport


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Ekman transport

[′ek·mən ‚trans‚pȯrt]
(oceanography)
The movement of ocean water caused by wind blowing steadily over the surface; occurs at right angles to the wind direction.
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The spatial variations of wind stress cause divergence and convergence of Ekman transport, leading to a vertical motion, Ekman pumping (downward) or suction (upward) velocity [w.
Individual low transport events are caused by both a decrease in the northward Ekman transport as well as an increase in the southward interior transport; thus the overturning weakened as the gyre strengthens (McCarthy et al.
The Ekman transport contributed the most to this low transport event (-8.
During the updated period, the average MHT of the FC and Ekman transport were approximately the long-term average; however, the interior component of the MHT was slightly stronger to the south, thus weakening slightly the MHT transport in 2012 and 2013.
The positive NAO state generally is associated with strengthened westerlies and trade winds and enhanced meridional Ekman transports (Eden and Willebrand 2001; Bellucci et al.
Flux and direction of the Ekman transport calculus is another aim of this study.
In the shallow basin, the angle between the wind direction and the Ekman transport i
Sea level anomaly and nearshore temperature had the strongest relationship with interannual variation in rockfish abundance, and offshore Ekman transport did not correlate with abundance.
The offshore Ekman transport data were determined from data gathered by a buoy 20 km offshore of 39 [degrees]N (Albion, CA).
53), nearshore temperature and offshore Ekman transport were significantly and negatively correlated (P<0.
O] was characterized by the contrast between Ekman transport and the other two variables (Table 2).
58) with offshore Ekman Transport, and only in February (Table 3).