The truth is that in the fifth year of his reign, Akhnaten moved his court from Thebes, for centuries the seat of pharaonic power, to the newly built Akhetaten, halfway down the Nile the Tell el Amarna
of Barry Kemp''s book (The City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti - Amarna and its people) where he drifted into megalomania, declining to listen to any opinion but his own, and approving of sculptured bas reliefs, which show the golden disc of Aten, reaching down to him and his queen, in a strikingly haunting concept, with each beam of light ending in a miniature human hand.
A survey of political treaties and the El Amarna
diplomatic correspondence bears witness to the impact of the political ecumene (a term borrowed from Assmann) on the translation of deities.
WE HAVE to go back to the 13th century BC to find the first evidence of brotherly relations between Cyprus and Egypt, when the then Pharaoh, according to the El Amarna
archives, sent a letter to the Cypriot king addressing him as his brother.
Syria and Egypt From the Tell El Amarna
Letters by W.
But, among all the correspondence by kings were two rare letters that stuck out among the 382 el Amarna
tablets uncovered a few decades ago by Egyptian farmers.
In 1930 five young archaeologists, led by the charismatic John Pendlebury, embarked on an expedition to Egypt to investigate the site of Tell el Amarna
It comes rather from El Amarna
letter 29, from the ruler of Upper Mesopotamian Mittani to the king of Egypt; it may be part of negotiations about treaty language, but it is not a treaty.
But these things were more precious than gold and they turned out to be the famous 'Amarna Letters', tablets found at Tel El Amarna
and connected specifically to the reigns of Akhenaten and his father, Amenophis III, a man who Akhenaten loathed to the point that when he became ruler he ritually defaced all monuments bearing his father's name and titles.
Petrie was a demanding field director and initially felt that the artistic Carter would never make an excavator, a view he was forced to modify as Carter, working at the site of el Amarna
, once the capital of Egypt in the reign of Akhenaten, diligently uncovered a glass factory, Mycenaean potsherds, valuable for comparative chronology, and a sculptor's workshop.
The rock cut tombs of El Amarna
Part 4: The tombs of Penthu, Mahu, and others.
1: Die Texte (Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1915), supplemented by Rainey, El Amarna
Tablets 359-379, 2nd ed.
The Rock Tombs of el Amarna
IV: The tombs of Penthu, Mahu and others.