Callao

(redirected from El Callao)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
..... Click the link for more information.
 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
..... Click the link for more information.
), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
Assessing mercury health effects in gold workers near El Callao, Venezuela.
TSX VENTURE:MEA) is pleased to announce the restart of the drilling campaign on the Increible 6 Gold Project located in the El Callao District, Bolivar State, Venezuela.
4B gold exploration properties located in the El Callao area of the State of
Mena continues to receive the final assays for the 17,800m diamond drilling program completed in 2005 on the Increible 6 Project located in the El Callao District.
Properties El Callao Mining District, Bolivar State, Venezuela" prepared by
TSX VENTURE:MEA) is pleased to announce that Mena's joint venture partner, Mineria MS has provided additional results from an ongoing diamond drilling program on the Increible 6 Project located in the El Callao District of Bolivar State, Venezuela.
TSX:GRZ)(AMEX:GRZ) announced today it has received the Permit to Affect Natural Resources from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARNR) for its Choco 5 property located in Venezuela's El Callao mining district.
TSX:GRZ)(AMEX:GRZ) announced today it has received the Permit to Occupy the Territory from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources ("MARNR") for its Choco 5 property located in Venezuela's El Callao mining district.
Hecla, the largest gold producer in Venezuela, has property positions in both the El Callao and El Dorado gold districts.
Hecla is the largest gold producer in Venezuela, with significant land holdings in the El Callao and El Dorado gold districts.
Bolivar, which is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange, operates the Choco 10 open pit gold mine in the El Callao gold district in Bolivar State, Venezuela, which achieved commercial production on August 1, 2005.
It is proposed that Simberi will acquire all the Venezuelan gold assets of PGM, consisting of its interests in: i) the Choco 6, Increible 14, Increible 16 concessions situated in the El Callao mining district, and ii) the Botanamo and Acarigua concessions, located approximately 25kms SW of Hecla's La Camorra Mine.