El Camino Real

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Camino Real, El

[Span.,=The Royal Road]. There are Camino Reals in most former Spanish possessions, including four in former Spanish territory in the United States. Probably the best-known American trail of this name, also called the Mission Trail, leads north from San Diego to San Francisco and beyond, running some 530 mi (853 km). The name is most commonly applied to the part of the trail north of Los Angeles. El Camino Real connected California's Franciscan missions and ran through such settlements as Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, San Juan Capistrano, Carmel, and Sonoma. The missions were mainly founded by two priests, Fr. Junípero SerraSerra, Saint Junípero
, 1713–84, Spanish Franciscan missionary in North America, b. Majorca. His name was originally Miguel José Serra, and Junípero was his name in religion. For 15 years he taught philosophy in the college at Palma.
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 and his successor, Fr. Fermín Lasuén, in the period from 1769 to 1803. Together they established 18 of the 21 missions, many of them still extant and some extensively renovated, that flourished until the Mexican government ordered their secularization in 1833. Today, the surviving mission churches are houses of worship, tourist attractions, and icons of Spanish-American architecture. Route 101 follows much of the the old trail's route. The name El Camino Real also designates the 700 mi (1,100 km) New Mexican trail that was pioneered by Juan de OñateOñate, Juan de
, fl. 1595–1614, Spanish explorer in the American Southwest, possibly b. New Spain. In 1598 he led an expedition north from New Spain, took possession of New Mexico for the Spanish king, and established a settlement at San Juan.
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 in 1598 and formed the lifeline of Spain's New Mexican colony.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Association of Enterprising Mothers 6965 El Camino Real, Suite 106-612 Carlsbad, CA 92009 760-434-9225 800-223-9360 www.momwork.com A national organization, AOEM provides ideas for the best businesses for moms.
Similar conditions attach to the Grade 1 Santa Anita Derby and two preps at the Los Angeles track plus the Grade 3 El Camino Real Derby at Golden Gate Fields.
At $25 per hour, just call it "Happy." 3731 El Camino Real: 650/565-8855.-LISA TROTTIER
The frequently visited 21 missions and presidios located along California's El Camino Real are some of the oldest structures in the state, and are all part of the fascinating history of California's conquest by the Spanish.
Cause To Believe has won the Grade 3 El Camino Real Derby and Califorina Derby in his two most recent starts.
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