El Chichón

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El Chichón,

volcano, Chiapas, Mexico, 40 mi (59 km) SSW of Villahermosa, rising to 3,478 ft (1,060 m). Also known as Chichonal, it had not erupted significantly in historic times until 1982, when a violent eruption created a crater .6 mi (1 km) wide and 984 ft (300 m) deep, killed some 2,000 people, and affected some 9,000 sq mi (24,000 sq km) in several Mexican states. The eruption was exceeded in the 20th cent. only by that of Mt. PinatuboPinatubo, Mount
, active volcano, 5,840 ft (1,780 m), central Luzon island, the Philippines, c.55 mi (90 km) NW of Manila. Dormant for 600 years, it began erupting on Apr. 2, 1991.
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 in 1991. There now is an acidic lake in the crater. A likely major eruption of the volcano c. A.D. 540 may have contributed to the Mayan decline in the second half of the 6th cent.
References in periodicals archive ?
People also saw the blue moon after several incidents; such as after the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in Mexico in 1983.
While the El Nino events of 1972/73, 1997/98, and 2015/2016 have apparent warming signatures in global temperature, the 1982/83 event's imprint was apparently muted by the almost-coincident eruption of El Chichon.
Scientists from Rutgers University in New Branchwick, New Jersey, were interested in samples of Southern oscillation after several volcanic eruptions in the tropics, including the eruptions of the volcanoes of Santa Maria in Guatemala in 1902, Agung in Indonesia in 1963, El Chichon in Mexico in 1982 and Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991.
These episodes followed the 1963 eruption of Mount Agung in Indonesia, the 1982 eruption of El Chichon in Mexico, and especially the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines, the largest in the last 100 years.
When the Mexican volcano El Chichon erupted in 1982, it killed 1,900 people and shocked many who had believed it to be extinct.
Krakatoa, Indonesia (1883), El Chichon, Mexico (1983), Mt.
c) Las erupciones mas destructivas de Latinoamerica y el Caribe: Monte Pelee (1902, Martinica), Santa Maria (1902, Guatemala), El Chichon (1982, Mexico) y Nevado del Ruiz (1985, Colombia), representaron mas del 75% del total de muertes por actividad volcanica del siglo XX.
Sus limites occidental y oriental, se corresponden con las cuencas hidrograficas de los rios Grijalva y Pichucalco; mientras que el septentrional y el meridional, por las planicies lacustres de Reforma y por la edificacion montanosa del volcan El Chichon respectivamente (Figuras 1 y 2).
El municipio de Las Choapas esta conformado por 630 localidades siendo las principales Las Choapas (cabecera municipal), Cerro de Nanchital, El Chichon, Huapacalito y San Jose del Carmen [10].
They calculated how much of the Atlantic warming observed during the last 26 years can be accounted for by concurrent changes in African dust storms and tropical volcanic activity, primarily the eruptions of El Chichon in Mexico in 1982 and Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991.
Estaba intacto, excepto por el chichon en la cabeza, y la ropa, que tenia desgarrones.