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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Elaeagnaceae. The flowers are bisexual or unisexual, often four-parted, and fragrant; they are solitary or in groups of two or three in the axils. The fruit is drupaceous, mealy, and usually edible. There are more than 50 species, distributed in Asia, Southern Europe, North America, and Australia. Five species are found in the USSR, growing wild in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Oleaster, or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolid), a low, spiny tree with silvery elliptic leaves that sometimes grows wild, is cultivated as an ornamental, as is the hardiest North American species E. argentea. In the south, local varieties with large edible fruits are cultivated. These plants, which are used in landscaping and as a windbreak for fields, are valued for their fruit, medicinal substances, resins, tannins, and essential oils. They produce good lumber and are rich in nectar.


Iakovlev-Sibiriak, I. I. Oblepikha i lokh, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1954.
Kozlovskaia, N. V. “Obzor vidov roda Elaeagnus L, vstrechaiushchikhsia na territorii SSSR.” In Trudy Botanicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR, series 1, 1958, issue 12.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The investigated plant namely Elaeagnus umbellata is belonging to Elaeagnaceae family comprises of three genera including Elaeagnus (70 species), Hippophae (07 species), and Shepherdia (03 species).
Effect of aqueous extract of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit on experimental cutaneous wound healing in rats.
This small bed, below the elaeagnus and running alongside our big raised bed, is open and sunny.
The rats were divided into four groups randomly: control group (Sham), I/R group, low concentration of aqueous extract of Elaeagnus angustifolia L.
Study on the different dosages of Elaeagnus angustifolia aqueous extract with and without morphine on the antinociceptive rate in mice.
From the exotic species that had started to spread on the semicoke dumps, Elaeagnus commutata and Hippophae rhamnoides suppressed almost all other plant species in areas where they dominated.
Blue hibiscus (Alyogyne huegelii) Bougainvillea Camellia Citrus Cotoneaster Elaeagnus Euonymus Gardenia Hibiscus Juniper Loropetalum Lycianthes rantonnei Magnolia Photinia Pieris japonica Pyracantha Rhaphiolepis Roses (many varieties)
Use plants like Elaeagnus x ebbingei, Osmanthus x burkwoodii, Phillyrea latifolia, Pittosporum tenuifolium and Viburnum tinus.
Photinia Red Robin has glowing red young foliage and Elaeagnus x ebbingei produces perfumed flowers in autumn.
Carol: You could try one of the species recommended for seaside planting, such as Elaeagnus ebbingei or sea buckthorn, both of which should be hardy with you.
Sea kale, |eryngiums, Elaeagnus 'Quicksilver' and pink knautia in Carol's seaside garden MAIN IMAGES: Jonathan Buckley