Père David's deer

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Père David's deer

(pĕr dävēdz`), Asian deer, Elaphurus davidianus, known only in a semidomesticated state. Also known as milu and elaphure, it has a bulky, donkeylike body, reaching a shoulder height of nearly 4 ft (120 cm), with a tufted tail longer than that of any other deer. It is tawny red with white underparts and a white ring around each eye. Its hooves are very broad. It has curious antlers, with irregularly branching front prongs and usually straight posterior prongs. The antlers may reach 3 ft (90 cm) in length. E. davidianus came to the attention of Westerners in 1865, when it was observed by the missionary Père Armand David in the gardens of the Chinese emperor, near Beijing. Several specimens were sent to Europe, where they flourished in captivity; those remaining in China all perished during the Boxer Uprising. After World War II, breeding stock from England was distributed to the world's zoos, and in 1960 the species was reestablished in China. The natural habitat of this deer is unknown, but it is believed to have inhabited the swampy plains of China until it was displaced by agriculture. It is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.

Bibliography

See B. Beck and C. Wemmer, The Management and Biology of an Extinct Species: Père David's Deer (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
Trial release of Pere David's deer Elaphurus davidianusin the Dafeng Reserve, China.
Elaphurus davidianus, IUCN 2011: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Version 2011.11.
Analysis on genetic diversity in mtDNA control region of Elaphurus davidianus (EIK).
An outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever in Pere David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus).
Toxinotyping of clostridium perfringens fecal isolates of reintroduced Pere David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) in China.
Study on activities range of Pere david's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) in Dongting Lake based on satellite positioning technology.
Feasibility of reintroducing Pere David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) to the Dongting Lake region, Hunan Province.
Stepping-stones and dispersal flow: establishment of a meta-population of Milu (Elaphurus davidianus) through natural re-wilding.
Concurrent multicentric hemangiosarcoma and ovarian teratoma in an aged Pere david's deer (Elaphurus davidianus).