Elapidae


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Related to Elapidae: Viperidae

Elapidae

[ə′lap·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of poisonous reptiles, including cobras, kraits, mambas, and coral snakes; all have a pteroglyph fang arrangement.

Elapidae

 

a family of snakes, closely related to the grass snake, from which they differ by having grooved, poisonous teeth in the anterior upper jaw. All Elapidae are very poisonous. Their poison acts primarily on the nervous system; it is used in medicine. The bite of large snakes of the family Elapidae, such as the cobra, is often fatal to man. There are 41 genera, including 181 species; they are found in Australia, southern Asia, Africa, and South and Central America. They live on the ground or, less frequently, in trees. They feed on Muridae, lizards, other snakes, and frogs. The majority are carnivorous. The best-known genera are the cobra (Naja) in Africa and southern Asia (there is one species in Turkmenia, USSR), the krait (Bungarus) in Asia, the black snake (Pseudechis) in Australia, the mamba (Dendraspis) in Africa, and the coral snake (Micrurus-Elaps) in tropical and subtropical America.

REFERENCE

Terent’ev, P. V. Gerpetologiia. Moscow, 1961.

P. V. TERENT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
La familia Elapidae (elapidos) esta presente en Colombia con 2 generos y 23 especies:
Knight and Mindell (1994) sequenced portions of the mitochondrial 12s and 16s ribosomal RNA genes to address the relationships of the Colubrinae, Elapidae, and Viperidae.
Hence, the cooccurences in eight families (Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, Typhlopidae, Viperidae, Anguidae, Iguanidae, and Scincidae) of egg guarding and viviparous species may relate to common causation rather than to one factor (egg guarding) preadapting a species for another (viviparity).
Clase Orden Suborden Familias Amphibia Anura Bufonidae Hylidae Leptodactylidae Reptilia Squamata Sauria Corythophanidae Gekkonidae Iguanidae Phrynosomatidae Polychridae Scincidae Teiidae Xantusiidae Serpentes Boidae Colubridae Elapidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Viperidae Testudines Emydidae Total 18 Clase Generos Especies Amphibia 2 2 1 1 1 1 Reptilia 1 1 3 3 2 3 3 6 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 Total 33 40 Cuadro 2.
Elapidae Micrurus mipartitus Dumeril, Bibron & Castro 1988, Dumeril, 1854 Vargas et al.
The cannibalism is a reported phenomenon for snakes of the families Colubridae, Elapidae and Viperidae (Polis and Myers 1985, Engeman et al.
melanotus X Mastigodryas boddaerti X Oxybelis aeneus Pseustes schropshirei X Spilotes pullatus X Stenorrhina degenhardtii Tantilla melanocephala X X Crotalidae Bothrops asper X X Elapidae Micrurus dumerilli X M.
Leptotyphlopidae, Typhlopidae, Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, and Viperidae and is more diverse than the other groups of reptiles with 17 species belonging to 15 genera.