Elapidae


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Related to Elapidae: Viperidae

Elapidae

[ə′lap·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of poisonous reptiles, including cobras, kraits, mambas, and coral snakes; all have a pteroglyph fang arrangement.

Elapidae

 

a family of snakes, closely related to the grass snake, from which they differ by having grooved, poisonous teeth in the anterior upper jaw. All Elapidae are very poisonous. Their poison acts primarily on the nervous system; it is used in medicine. The bite of large snakes of the family Elapidae, such as the cobra, is often fatal to man. There are 41 genera, including 181 species; they are found in Australia, southern Asia, Africa, and South and Central America. They live on the ground or, less frequently, in trees. They feed on Muridae, lizards, other snakes, and frogs. The majority are carnivorous. The best-known genera are the cobra (Naja) in Africa and southern Asia (there is one species in Turkmenia, USSR), the krait (Bungarus) in Asia, the black snake (Pseudechis) in Australia, the mamba (Dendraspis) in Africa, and the coral snake (Micrurus-Elaps) in tropical and subtropical America.

REFERENCE

Terent’ev, P. V. Gerpetologiia. Moscow, 1961.

P. V. TERENT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
sv[PLA.sub.2] myotoxins are mainly found in venom from Elapidae, including sea snakes and Viperidae [58].
Ecological ramifications of prey size: food habits and reproductive biology of Australian copperhead snakes (Austrelaps, Elapidae).
Entre los reptiles venezolanos, solo las familias Elapidae y Viperidae, incluyen serpientes cuyos venenos son capaces de provocar alteraciones fisiopatologicas que pueden conducir a la muerte del paciente (Navarrete et al.
Five species of poisnous snakes belonging to the families Elapidae and Viperidae, 28 species of non-poisnous snakes belonging to the families Leptotyphlapidae, Typhlopidae, Boidae and Colubridae have been recorded.
En Colombia podemos encontrar serpientes en casi todas las regiones y ecosistemas distribuidas en nueve familias: Anomalepidae, Typphlopidae, Leptoptyphlopidae, Tropidophidae, Aniilidae, Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae y Viperidae.
Venomous snakes in cold climates: ecology of the Australian genus Drysdalia (Serpentes: Elapidae).
Reported cases include Australian elapidae such as Australian brown snake (Pseudonaja spp.), coastal taipan (O.
Shorpomoni pathor is found, according to the Bede healers, when the molars of the King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah Cantor, Family: Elapidae) or the Indian cobra (Naja naja L., Family: Elapidae) are extracted to reveal a small round-shaped yellow-tinged stone under the molar tooth.
(21) Los activadores del grupo C son serinproteasas con un peso molecular aproximado de 300 KDa, cuya activacion requiere [Ca.sup.2+] y fosfolipidos; estas enzimas se encuentran en serpientes australianas de la familia Elapidae y las mas estudiadas son las obtenidas de Oxiuranus scuttelatus (23,24) y la de Pseudonaja textiles.