Elche


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Elche

(ĕl`chā), Valencian Elx, city (1990 pop. 184,912), Alicante prov., SE Spain, in Valencia. It is surrounded by an extensive grove of date palms, the only one of its kind in Europe. The city's industries produce footwear, soap, olive oil, and palm products. Elche preserves a North African atmosphere. Many Iberian, Greek, Roman, and Moorish artifacts have been found in the area, notably the Lady of Elche, a stone bust (presumed to date from the 5th cent. B.C.) now in Madrid's National Museum of Archaeology. An annual drama dating from the Middle Ages marks the feast of the Assumption.

Elche

 

a city in Spain, on the Viñalopo River; located in Alicante Province, in the region of Valencia. Population, 122,700 (1970). Elche is the center of an agricultural region producing olives, almonds, and pomegranates. The city manufactures leather and footwear, vegetable oil, soap, and flour.

Mystery Play (Elche)

August 14-15
El Misterio d'Elx, or the Mystery Play of Elche, is a medieval drama about the death and assumption of the Virgin Mary that takes place in August on the Feast of the Assumption in Elche, a town in Valencia, Spain. The first part of the play is performed on August 14, the day before the feast, and it deals with the death of the Virgin and the ascension of her soul to heaven on a throne, or araceli, carried by five angels. In the second part, performed on August 15, the Virgin is buried and the Gate of Heaven opens. The araceli descends a second time and takes the Virgin away. She is crowned at the heavenly portal while organ music plays, bells ring, and firecrackers explode.
The mystery play is performed from a raised platform in the sanctuary of the Church of La Merced. It is considered by many to be one of Spain's greatest religious dramatic survivals, and it is believed to date back to the early 13th century.
CONTACTS:
Valencia Tourist Office
Communitat Valenciana, Aptdo. de Correos 48
Burjassot, 46100 Spain
34-902-123-212; fax: 34-902-220-211
www.comunitat-valenciana.com
SOURCES:
FestEur-1961, p. 141
FestWestEur-1958, p. 203
SpanFiestas-1968, p. 164

Mystery Play (Tibet)
January-February; last day of Tibetan year
Originally performed by a devil-dancing cult to drive out the old year along with its demons and human enemies, this annual dramatic presentation was known to Tibetans as the Dance of the Red-Tiger Devil and to Europeans as the Pageant of the Lamas or the Mystery Play of Tibet. Under Buddhist influence, it was seen as symbolizing the triumph of the Indian missionary monks, led by Padmasambhava ( see also Hemis Festival and Paro Tshechu), over pagan devils, and more recently, it has been changed to represent the assassination of Lang-darma, the king who tried to rid Tibet of Lamaism. Despite its many transformations over the years, however, the play continues to retain the devil-dancing features of its earliest form.
It is performed on the last day of the year in the courtyards of Buddhist temples or monasteries and continues for two days. A group of priests in black miters is confronted by one group of demons after another, which they manage to exorcize. On the second day, a dough effigy representing the enemies of Tibet and Lamaism is dismembered and disemboweled. Pieces of the effigy are thrown to the audience, who eat them or keep them to use as talismans. The play is followed by a burnt offering and a procession.
See also Losar
CONTACTS:
Office of Tibet
Tibet House, 1 Culworth St.
London, NW8 7AF United Kingdom
44-20-7722-5378; fax: 44-20-7722-0362
www.tibet.com
SOURCES:
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 777 (c)

Elche

a town in S Spain, in Valencia: noted for Iberian and Roman archaeological finds and the medieval religious drama performed there annually: fruit growing, esp dates, pomegranates, figs. Pop.: 207 163 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, Barca draw at Elche means that they would have to beat Simeone's squad next weekend to be crowned La Liga winners.
Diego Simeone's side had been frustrated by relegation-threatened Elche at a packed Vicente Calderon before Miranda and Costa secured an eighth consecutive La Liga victory.
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Elche won 2-1 in a game in which Xerex goal scorer David Prieto, Alvaro Rey and Jose Vega Diez were all shown the red card.
A spokeswoman for Elche town hall said the church fireworks were covered by a protective blanket and in a pack designed to shoot mini-rockets some 300 metres into the air before exploding.
Elche products and facials use the "healing secrets of herbs, fruits and flowers" to make skin beautiful the natural
Around 700 people were attacked over three days starting on Sunday at three beaches where normally just a handful get stung daily, said an official in the town hall of Elche, on Spain's Costa Blanca.
ELCHE, Spain: A superb season at Liverpool has lifted expectations that Fernando Torres will finally shine for Spain.
And with their top player Marc Bernaus absent (because his Spanish Second Division side Elche have a league game which takes precedence), their team will be made up of postmen, policemen and ski resort workers, while Oscar Sonejee, their record cap holder, works in insurance.
Wolverhampton Wanderers search for a top- class striker looked to have ended last night after it emerged that they had agreed a fee with Spanish second division side Elche for the transfer of Poland international Tomasz Frankowski.
The newfound contribution of the chemical to insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes, might partially explain the global epidemic of that disease, says Angel Nadal of Miguel Hernandez University of Elche in Spain, who led the new study.
I have many: Barcelona, Elche where I live, Alicante, Madrid--everywhere in Spain.