Eldad ha-Dani's account(57) is significant for two reasons.
Taking Sallam's description of these Muslims on its own deprives the passage of significance; situating the description in the context of Jewish materials on the lost tribes, however, unveils the passage's literary role and suggests that at least in this part of Sallam's account we are dealing with a literary model that is familiar from such Jewish sources as 4 Ezra, the Pesiqta Rabbati, and Eldad ha-Dani's travelogue.
As the Pesiqta Rabbati and account of Eldad ha-Dani show, these traditions were circulating widely in Abbasid lands when Sallam's journey is said to have taken place and Ibn Khurradadhbih composed his geographical work.
Epic tales and travelogs about the dislocated Jewish experience, including medieval pilgrimages to the Holy Land and quests for the Lost Tribes of the Jews, are described and analyzed as the book focuses on key works by Eldad Ha-Dani
, Yehuda Halevi, and Benjamin Tudela.