Eleanor Marx


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Marx, Eleanor

 

(married name, Aveling). Born Jan. 16, 1855, in London; died there Mar. 31, 1898. Active in the British and international working-class movement. Youngest daughter of Karl Marx; became the wife and comrade of E. Aveling in 1884.

Eleanor Marx helped found the Socialist League in 1884 and the Independent Labour Party in 1893. Under Engels’ guidance she became an organizer in the mass movement of unskilled workers. She led the London dockers’ strike and the gasworkers’ strike in 1889 and conducted political work among women. She took part in the preparations for the founding congress of the Second International and was a delegate to the congresses of 1891 and 1893. She contributed to the socialist press in Great Britain, Germany, and other countries and helped prepare a number of Karl Marx’ works for publication.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
“Fridrikh Engel’s.” In Vospominaniia o Markse i Engel’se. Moscow, 1956.
“Karl Marks.” Ibid.
[Pis’ma.] In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 34. (Appendixes.)

REFERENCE

Vorob’eva, O. B., and I. M. Sinel’nikova. Docheri Marksa, 4th ed. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was also a privilege, providing Eleanor Marx with an education that few women of her generation could get and bringing her into the society of world-famous radical thinkers.
Eleanor Marx helped to organize these women into a female branch of the National Union of Gasworkers and General Labourers (NUG&GL) and, in October 1889, a meeting of 5,000 male members voted unanimously to admit women into the union to fight as one group to improve the conditions of all.
The document collection also allows us to recognise the breadth of support the Haymarket Eight received from the likes of Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor, District 49 of the rival Knights of Labor, notable socialists and anarchists such as Eleanor Marx and Peter Kropotkin, and literary figures such as William Dean Howells.
Ya en 1888, Eleanor Marx habia "reclamado" a Shelley como "un Socialista de nuestros dias", diciendo que "el vio mas claramente que Byron, que parece apenas haberlo notado, que la epopeya del siglo XIX iba a ser la lucha entre la clase productora y la poseedora" y que "este solo hecho [.
Thefin-de-siecle writers grouped together in chapter 5--Mathilde Blind, Eleanor Marx, and Marie Corelli--were more interested in Shakespeare's biography and depicted Stratford as an idealized rural site that was 'less oppressive .
Through his friendship with socialists such as Ben Tillett, Edward Aveling, and Eleanor Marx Aveling, he gained the education he had been denied as a youngster.
What Gibbs offers instead is a balanced account of Shaw's relationships with women, including his wife Charlotte (platonic by mutual consent), Janet Achurch, Eleanor Marx Aveling, Annie Besant, Mrs Patrick Campbell, Florence Farr, Alice Lockett, May Morris, Edith Nesbit, Bertha Newcombe, Jenny Patterson, Ellen Terry, and Molly Tompkins.
Yvonne Kapp is best known for her biography of Eleanor Marx (1855-1898).
The beautiful and erudite Eleanor Marx, Karl's oldest daughter, had close friendships with two important figures in nineteenth-century medievalism who themselves were social activists.
Among them were Eleanor Marx, Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Dollie Maitland (Radford) and Beatrix Potter (Webb).
From there the list grows more unusual: Eleanor Marx, Karl's daughter and the long-suffering wife of socialist radical Edward Aveling; South African writer Olive Schreiner; British literary figures Rebecca West and Vera Brittain; Columbia-educated anthropologists Parsons, Benedict, Margaret Mead, and Zora Neale Hurston.
Karl Marx's life is magnificently examined within its historical and family context in Yvonne Kapp's Eleanor Marx, Volume 1 (1977).