Eleanor Marx


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Marx, Eleanor

 

(married name, Aveling). Born Jan. 16, 1855, in London; died there Mar. 31, 1898. Active in the British and international working-class movement. Youngest daughter of Karl Marx; became the wife and comrade of E. Aveling in 1884.

Eleanor Marx helped found the Socialist League in 1884 and the Independent Labour Party in 1893. Under Engels’ guidance she became an organizer in the mass movement of unskilled workers. She led the London dockers’ strike and the gasworkers’ strike in 1889 and conducted political work among women. She took part in the preparations for the founding congress of the Second International and was a delegate to the congresses of 1891 and 1893. She contributed to the socialist press in Great Britain, Germany, and other countries and helped prepare a number of Karl Marx’ works for publication.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
“Fridrikh Engel’s.” In Vospominaniia o Markse i Engel’se. Moscow, 1956.
“Karl Marks.” Ibid.
[Pis’ma.] In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 34. (Appendixes.)

REFERENCE

Vorob’eva, O. B., and I. M. Sinel’nikova. Docheri Marksa, 4th ed. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eleanor Marx helped to organize these women into a female branch of the National Union of Gasworkers and General Labourers (NUG&GL) and, in October 1889, a meeting of 5,000 male members voted unanimously to admit women into the union to fight as one group to improve the conditions of all.
Through his friendship with socialists such as Ben Tillett, Edward Aveling, and Eleanor Marx Aveling, he gained the education he had been denied as a youngster.
The beautiful and erudite Eleanor Marx, Karl's oldest daughter, had close friendships with two important figures in nineteenth-century medievalism who themselves were social activists.
Eleanor Marx was never as close to William Morris as she was to F.
Among them were Eleanor Marx, Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Dollie Maitland (Radford) and Beatrix Potter (Webb).
Eleanor Marx, scraping a living by doing research for better-off writers, or even ghosting their books, was working on an Ibsen translation, Amy on the German poets.
Next would come William and Jane Morris because I have spent most of my life trying to do films about them and failing, Max Miller because I spent a lot of time following him in my student days and Eleanor Marx, Karl's daughter because I think she was a fascinating person.
Zadel had ties to the radical salon of Lady Wilde (Oscar's mother), was friendly with Eleanor Marx, Robert Browning, and some of the pre-Raphaelites, and also managed to elicit literary and financial support from established American writers like John Greenleaf Whittier and Jack London.
Beginning with the controversy surrounding the burial of Viscount Castlereagh in 1822, when laws against the crime of self-murder (felo-de-se) were still in place, and ending in 1898 with the suicide of Eleanor Marx, Gates charts the shift in attitudes toward self-destruction which took place in the intervening years.