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(married name, Aveling). Born Jan. 16, 1855, in London; died there Mar. 31, 1898. Active in the British and international working-class movement. Youngest daughter of Karl Marx; became the wife and comrade of E. Aveling in 1884.
Eleanor Marx helped found the Socialist League in 1884 and the Independent Labour Party in 1893. Under Engels’ guidance she became an organizer in the mass movement of unskilled workers. She led the London dockers’ strike and the gasworkers’ strike in 1889 and conducted political work among women. She took part in the preparations for the founding congress of the Second International and was a delegate to the congresses of 1891 and 1893. She contributed to the socialist press in Great Britain, Germany, and other countries and helped prepare a number of Karl Marx’ works for publication.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
“Fridrikh Engel’s.” In Vospominaniia o Markse i Engel’se. Moscow, 1956.
“Karl Marks.” Ibid.
[Pis’ma.] In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 34. (Appendixes.)