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the chairman and civic head of a municipal corporation in many countries
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the highest official in the municipalities of the USA, Great Britain, France, and a number of other bourgeois states. As a rule, mayors are elected by the municipal government and sometimes directly by the people. In some countries they are appointed or confirmed by the central government.

The mayor represents the municipal government and presides over its sessions. In France and some other states, the mayor, as an agent of the central government, heads the municipal administration. The mayor is responsible for the preparation and implementation of the municipal budget. He appoints individuals to numerous municipal posts and directs the work of the municipal bureaucracy. Certain powers, such as the registration of civil acts, are exercised by the mayor as a representative of the central authority.

In Great Britain and in some US cities mayors basically perform the functions of representatives and chairmen. The clerks of municipal councils and municipal administrators play the most important roles in the executive branches of the municipalities of Great Britain and the USA, respectively.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Town Hall has in history hosted many great political debates and speeches from Prime Ministers including Joseph Chamberlain, David Lloyd George, Clement Atlee and Margaret Thatcher and will this weekend hear speeches by some of those hoping to become the first elected mayor of Birmingham.
An elected mayor as a decision-making council leader should not be confused with the ceremonial and powerless Lord Mayor's role which would remain.
Since 2014 I would suggest there have been far more articles featuring people, organisations and council leaders welcoming the Combined Authority and the elected mayor rather than articles decrying the lack of consultation about them and their undemocratic nature.
Downing Street said areas that did not want an elected mayor would not have one forced on them, saying this did not represent a change in Government policy.
And he added that he needed convincing about the merits of an elected mayor.
A motion was passed agreeing to "reluctantly" consider the devolution offer including an elected mayor.
Speaking in Manchester, Mr Osborne said: ""ere are big advantages in having an elected mayor to represent your city.
BEIRUT: A Lebanese-Australian was elected mayor of an Australian city for the second time Thursday.
"A number of English cities now have an elected mayor who can be a powerful advocate for greater resources and represent the views of the public.
A MINISTER'S claims that elected mayors could be back on the table - despite crushing 'No' votes in referendums - have been dismissed in Coventry as "the ramblings of the defeated".