Electoral Deposit

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Deposit, Electoral

 

in a number of bourgeois states the amount of money that the candidate for the election must deposit with one or another representative body when registering as a candidate. The deposit is returned if the candidate receives a legally established minimum number of votes (for example, 5 percent in France, 12.5 percent in Great Britain). The deposit required for eligibility for each office is sometimes quite large (£150 in Great Britain, 12,000 rials in Iran, $200 in Canada, 1,000 francs in France, and 100,000 yen in Japan). For instance, during the elections in June 1968, the French Communist Party had to make a total deposit of approximately 500,000 new francs in order to be able to nominate candidates.

Officially, the introduction of the electoral deposit is justified as a means of preventing the nomination of “nonserious” candidates. Actually, the purpose of the introduction of the electoral deposit is principally to hinder the nomination of candidates by democratic parties and organizations, which often do not have enough funds to make an electoral deposit or to pay for an expensive election campaign.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The party's information chief Tan Kang Yap said its Port Dickson by-election committee was disappointed at being left out of the parliamentary poll when Ahmad dropped a bombshell by saying he had insufficient funds for the electoral deposit.
Every body will have to be composed of three members, while the executive body will have nine members, according to SNS MP Tibor Berna#357aacutek.Parties running for the parliamentary and EP elections will have to submit a list of the number of party members, apart from the list of candidates and electoral deposit.
He said that electoral legislation has been improved in recent years, in particular the size of electoral deposit was halved.
an un employed pensioner, failed to pay a one million drams electoral deposit even within additional 48 hours provided to him, RFE/RL
So far, only eight candidates have complied with the requirement of the current election code: a payment of 8 million drams (about $20,000) as an electoral deposit. Among them, little-known candidates have caused a stir, from pensioner Pavlik Sargsyan to unemployed citizen Robert Simonyan.
The electoral deposit for participation in the Yerevan Council of Elders is
The Central Election Commission has made the decision at today's meeting not to return the electoral deposit in the amount of 100,000 som to three presidential candidates- Toktaim Umetalieva, Kalybek Arabaev and Omurbek Egemberdiev.
The candidates were registered in accordance with the chapter 10 of the constitutional law on presidential and parliamentary elections, proof of transfer of the electoral deposit, statement of the Kyrgyz language commission and check of the electoral documents submitted by the presidential candidates.
The lists with 30,000 collected signatures were submitted to the Central Election Commission and 100,000 som electoral deposit was transferred.
Twenty two presidential candidates transferred 100,000 som electoral deposit to the special account of the Central Election Commission, AKIpress was told in CEC.
These candidates already transferred 100,000 som electoral deposit. Some of them have to submit lists of 30,000 signatures collected in their support before September 10 to be eligible to take the Kyrgyz language exam.