Electoral Right

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Electoral Right

 

the subjective right of the citizen to participate in the formation of elected state bodies. There are two categories of this right: the active, or general, electoral right, which is the right to elect (the right to vote) and which includes the right to participate in referendums; and the passive electoral right, the right to be elected. In socialist countries, the electoral right also means the right of the citizen to participate in the administration of elections through electing the members of electoral commissions and through working in these commissions, as well as the right to control the work of an elected deputy or judge and, if need be, the right to participate in resolving the question of recall of the deputy or judge.

The electoral right is protected by an aggregate of legal norms regulating the procedure of forming elective state bodies. Electoral law is an important institution of state law. The basic principles of electoral law are usually stated in constitutions, and most of the rules are codified in special electoral legislation (for example, in the USSR they are codified in the Election Statutes). The principles and conditions of citizen participation in the formation of elected state bodies and the organization and procedures for elections and for recall of members of these bodies are fixed in electoral law.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Modi urges people to vote: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi appealed to voters to exercise their electoral right as polling for the sixth phase of Lok Sabha elections.
He pointed out that each voter should exercise his own electoral right in his electoral constituency, explaining that each electoral constituency has a headquarters dedicated to the implementation of the various procedures of the electoral process, including registering voters and candidates, adjudicating appeals, conducting the election and announcing the results.
During the meeting, Kubic stressed the keenness of the United Nations on the success of the political process and the formation of the next government cab, as soon as possible, with the participation of Turkmen component and Iraqi Turkmen Front deputies in it, just as a constitutional and electoral right guaranteed by the Iraqi constitution.
The NEA spokesperson Mahmoud El Sherif, who also serves as the deputy head of the NEA, extended his appreciation and respect for all voters who casted their ballots on the first day of presidential election nationwide, urging the Egyptian people to perform their electoral right. El Sherif said that the NEA's operation room has received hundreds of complaints and inquiries along the first day of voting, adding that they dealt effectively with all the complaints through active communication with the subcommittees.
"The paid news is of such a character that it would either deter or tend to deter voters from supporting that candidate whom they would have supported from free exercise of their electoral right but for their being affected or attempted to be affected by the maker or publisher of the paid news."
"This initiative disputes the decision for organizing the early parliamentary elections, because the unbalanced electoral districts breach the 22 article of the Constitution which guarantees equal electoral right to every voter, as well as breach of article 51.
Momani commended the Ministry of Education, security agencies, the ministries of public works, communications and energy, and also singled out for praise the national media outlets, namely Petra and Jordan Television, as well as voluntary teams that help voters to exercise their electoral right.
The Vice President of the Republic has pointed to the president formation of a commission for the referendum in order that Darfur people would exercise their electoral right, announcing a comprehensive plan for the education, health, the water and the development of the livestock and the nomads during the coming four years besides the fight against the illiteracy, and the out of schools children.
He affirmed that all measures had been taken to ensure that the citizens head to the polling stations to exercise their electoral right easily.
The Ministry clarified, in a statement, that no sign is to be marked on ID's or passports for those who are going to practice their electoral right, adding that those who want to vote should come in person.
Sheikh Hamad bin Hamoud al-Mahrouqi, Wali of Dhank and Head of the Electoral Committee met with heads and members of the sub-committees of elections during which he highlighted the importance of practicing the electoral right ensured by the law.
"Iraqiya is to occupy 12 ministerial posts in the next government, which is our electoral right, in addition to the posts of deputy president, deputy prime minister and the chairmanship of the Supreme National Council for Strategic Studies," he was quoted as saying.