electric vehicle

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electric vehicle

[i¦lek·trik ′vē·ə·kəl]
(mechanical engineering)
A ground vehicle propelled by a motor powered by electrical energy from rechargeable batteries or other source onboard the vehicle, or from an external source in, on, or above the roadway; examples include the electrically powered golf cart, automobile, and trolley bus.

Electric vehicle

A ground vehicle propelled by a motor that is powered by electrical energy from rechargeable batteries or other source onboard the vehicle, or from an external source in, on, or above the roadway. Examples are the golf cart, industrial truck and tractor, automobile, delivery van and other on-highway truck, and trolley bus. In common usage, electric vehicle refers to an automotive vehicle in which the propulsion system converts electrical energy stored chemically in a battery into mechanical energy to move the vehicle. This is classed as a battery-only-powered electric vehicle. The batteries provide the power to propel the vehicle, and to power the lights and all accessories such as air conditioning and radio. The other major class is the hybrid-electric vehicle, which has more than one power source such as battery power with a small internal combustion engine or a fuel cell. See Automobile

electric vehicle

(Electric Vehicle) An automobile that is powered entirely or partially by electricity. Although prototype electric vehicles (EVs) were invented in the 1800s and various models were built in the 1900s, the EV industry only began in earnest after the turn of the century.

The advantage of an EV is fuel economy. All-electric models can reach the equivalent of around 100 MPG. However, they have a distance limit, typically from 40 to 80 miles. When the battery runs out, they have to be charged, which is a problem away from home. There are electric charging stations, but often few and far between.

Hybrid vehicles have no distance limit but are less economical with fuel; generally no more than 50 MPG. In 2010, GM introduced the plug-in, hybrid-electric Chevrolet Volt. The Volt is a gas-powered car that runs on battery for short distances, allowing those commuters to enjoy great economy when plugged into their home's electrical panel overnight. The Volt can last up to 50 miles on its electric charge, at which time the internal combustion engine takes over.

A regular hybrid-electric vehicle such as the Toyota Prius is refilled only with gas, and the vehicle charges the battery. Introduced in 1997, the Prius technology switches automatically between the electric motors and gas engine. Toyota came out with a plug-in hybrid in 2012.

In 2009, the Tesla Roadster was the first all-electric with a respectable 200 mile range. Rather than retrofitting an electric drive train into an existing chassis, the Tesla was engineered from the ground up as an EV. In 2014, Tesla had sufficient charging stations in the U.S. to enable owners to drive from Los Angeles to New York entirely free, because Tesla has thus far not collected a fee for the service.

First EV Car for the Masses
General Motors built and leased more than a thousand EV1 electric cars from 1996 to 1999 to meet California's environmental deadline. However, the EV program gave way to low-emission gas and hybrid gas-electric cars. This car is in the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C.

The Tesla Roadster
Featuring zero emissions and great handling, the Tesla can go more than 200 miles on a single charge. With a top speed of 125 MPH, it can reach 60 in less than four seconds. (Image courtesy of Tesla Motors, www.teslamotors.com)

Hybrid Diesel Electric
Hybrid electric buses have been operating in New York since 1998. Using low-sulfur diesel fuel and smaller diesel engines, these vehicles produce a fraction of the emissions of a standard diesel bus.
References in periodicals archive ?
And there's a sensor to prevent the TX 'E City' electric taxi crashing into anything if the driver somehow fails to stop.
This will be complimented with the installation of an electric taxi rank; a last-mile courier hub; and communication support (650,000 overall funding) The London boroughs of Barnet and Redbridge have also confirmed their future involvement in the 'Neighbourhoods of the Future' programme, and will be developing projects for funding.
Black cab driver David Harris from Chingford was the first cabbie to receive the keys to the London EV Company's new TX electric taxi The 46-year-old former professional tennis player has been a driver for 21 years and revealed he expects to save several hundred pounds a month in running costs compared to his old diesel cab.
The new TX electric taxi - built in Coventry at the London EV Company works - has an emission free range of up to 80 miles and is seen as a major step forward in improving air quality on the capital's streets.
HAIL The new muscular looks may not be to everyone's taste but the Civic has plenty to offer if you're looking for a wellequipped, THE first green light electric taxi EV Company range of up to step forward in capital's streets.
By setting up India's first two-wheeler electric taxi service, we aim to help commuters to make the most of switching over to mobility option with zero pollution and reach last mile destinations at an affordable price without any fuss," said co-founder Pillion, Karan Chadha.
Geely also own the London Electric Vehicle Company, which is making electric taxi cabs near Coventry.
London Taxi Company has relaunched itself as London EV Company, and alongside the rebrand presented its final design for its new electric taxi.
Self-driving electric taxi cabs, for example, could cut greenhouse gas emissions from current car travel in the US by a staggering 94%, according to a study by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Therefore, the coordination of the electromagnetic efficiency, duty cycle, and thermal heat transfer must be achieved to limit the peak component temperatures, thereby delivering the reliability needed for a commercial electric taxi system.
Leading the charge in the current financial year, Nissan and Spains's La Ciudad del Taxi have just announced the world's largest 100 per cent electric taxi fleet deal that will see 110 Nissan LEAF 30 kWh models providing zero emission taxi services in Madrid.
Under the acquisition terms, the buyer will make an additional payment of up to USD3m, contingent on the certification of a new WheelTug electric taxi system.