In Group 1, electrical stimulation
was applied to the gastrocnemius muscle.
Functional electrical stimulation
improves activity after stroke: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
d) Because the electrical artifacts were applied during the electrical stimulation
and recorded at the beginning of the eEABR recording window, the first eEABR component, specifically wave I, was almost entirely masked by the artifact.
"It was incredible to see all these patients moving their legs without electrical stimulation
," said Jocelyne Bloch, a neurosurgeon at the University Hospital of Lausanne, who helped lead the study.
As early as 1868, Erb identified "degeneration syndrome," in which denervated muscle develops a sluggish response to electrical stimulation
, thus requiring higher intensity and longer periods of stimulation for contraction (Cummings, 1985).
The transpalpebral electronic stimulator based on a digital adaptive model delivers an electronic waveform generator specific for transpalpebral electrical stimulation
. The applied waveform model is generated on a digital processor by means of an adaptive finite impulse response filter, in which the output waveform is synthesized form the original waveform registered from a multifocal electroretinograph as depicted in Figure 2.
The pain measurement device utilizes five buttons including power, ES (electrical stimulation
), PS (pressure stimulation), EB (emergency button), and SS (stop switch).
Bohme, "Gastric electrical stimulation
for the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis," Diabetes & Metabolism, vol.
The control group (CG) comprised subjects hospitalized in a time period immediately before the study began (January-April 2014), in which no electrical stimulation
protocol had been established yet.
In each session, low-frequency electrical stimulation
at an average of 24 uA and 2 Hz was applied to the acupuncture points BL62 and KI6, and event-related potentials (ERPs) were measured before the first session and after the last session of the electrical stimulation
The electrode leads are tunnelled under the skin to the left chest wall and attached to a pulse generator unit (a pacemaker) which is programmed by an external computer to provide a short burst of electrical stimulation
, followed by a short rest period.
The researchers also tried to manipulate contagious yawning through a kind of electrical stimulation
. "This research has shown that the 'urge' is increased by trying to stop yourself.