White Mountain holds a sub-license to use Chinuka's patented electro-refining
process (the "Chinuka Process") to produce titanium metal directly from a variety of titanium oxide concentrates and in this regard has been funding research at the University of Cambridge since 2010 under the direction of Professor Derek Fray.
ANODE--A 99 percent pure form of copper that is typically sent through an electro-refining
process for further purification, ultimately emerging as copper cathode.
Natural gas is blown across the blister to remove most of the remaining oxygen and electro-refining
is performed on the resulting material to produce pure copper.