electron radius

electron radius

[i′lek‚trän ′rād·ē·əs]
(physics)
The classical value r of 2.8179403 × 10-13 centimeter for the radius of an electron; obtained by equating mc 2 for the electron to e 2/ r, where e and m are the charge and mass of the electron respectively; any classical model for an electron will have approximately this radius.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides, the electron thermal potential, [[phi].sub.e] = [E.sub.te]/e, is 26 mV, and the electron Debye length, [[lambda].sub.e] = [square root of ([[epsilon].sub.0][E.sub.t]e/([n.sub.e][e.sup.2]))], is 1.2 [Angstrom] (the same order of the radii of isolated neutral atoms; note that the classical electron radius is ~[10.sup.-5][Angstrom]).
The extent of this static field configuration essentially matches the classical electron radius. There are two more topological quantum numbers which relate to spin and photon number.
This, besides agreeing with the classical electron radius as well as with the canonical momentum of a charged particle in an external field, in the sense that P = e[A.sub.tot] = eA + e[A.sub.ext] = mv + e[A.sub.ext], implies that the mass E/[c.sup.2] is of electromagnetic origin [7].
Laser wakefield accelerators are operated in underdense plasma of which the electron plasma frequency is given by [w.sub.p] = [(4[pi][e.sup.2][n.sub.e]/[m.sub.e]).sup.1/2] with electron density [n.sub.e] [much less than to] [n.sub.c], where [n.sub.c] = [pi]/(re[[lambda].sup.2.sub.L]) is the critical plasma density for laser wavelength 6L and [r.sub.e] = [e.sup.2]/[m.sub.e][c.sup.2] the classical electron radius. In this condition, laser pulses propagates through plasma at the linear group velocity given by [v.sub.g] = c[(1 - [w.sup.2.sub.p]/ [w.sup.2.sub.L]).sup.1/2] for [a.sub.0] [much less than to] 1.
The computed value of [??] corresponds with the classical electron radius, approximately [10.sup.-15] m.
It is customary that a single element of such a tube is an element with the size of a classical electron radius [r.sub.e] and its mass [m.sub.e].
In paper [2] proceeding from conditions of conservation of charge and constancy parameters [[mu].sub.0] and [[epsilon].sub.0], parameters of the vortex thread [m.sub.y], v, r, for an arbitrary [p.sup.+] - [e.sup.-] - contour defined as a proportion of the speed of light and electron radius as:
Eventually the electron radius [([u.sup.2.sub.e,2] + [v.sup.2.sub.e,2]).sup.1/2] becomes larger than the weak interaction threshold 0.002 everywhere on the trajectory.
In classical physics the idea that the electron radius r0 is purely electromagnetic leads to the calculation
The smallest elliptic radius is a little bit greater than the classical electron radius itself:
The relation is analogous to famous Dirac's ratio [R.sub.U]/[r.sub.e] ~ [10.sup.40] which relates the Universe radius with classical electron radius. However, Dirac's ratio is actually valid only approximately (with precision of "the same order of magnitude"), in opposite, the suggested replacement is an exact equation given as follows:
The Lorentz invariance of the electron radius can be formally satisfied, in the case where this radius is allowed to shrink to that of a point charge.

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