desktop publishing

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desktop publishing,

system for producing printed materials that consists of a personal computerpersonal computer
(PC), small but powerful computer primarily used in an office or home without the need to be connected to a larger computer. PCs evolved after the development of the microprocessor made possible the hobby-computer movement of the late 1970s, when some computers
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 or computer workstation, a high-resolution printerprinter,
device that reproduces text, images, or other data from a computer, digital camera, smartphone, or the like on paper or another medium.

Impact printers, which mostly have been superseded by ink-jet and laser printers, use a mechanical hammering device to produce
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 (usually a laser printer), and a computer programcomputer program,
a series of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute; programs are also called software to distinguish them from hardware, the physical equipment used in data processing.
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 that allows the user to select from a variety of type fonts and sizes, column justifications, page layouts, and graphics libraries and often includes support for document creation and editing. Desktop publishing enables a small business or an individual to produce professional-quality materials on the premises inexpensively and quickly without the need for outside typesetting or printing facilities.
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desktop publishing

[¦desk‚täp ′pəb·lish·iŋ]
(computer science)
The use of a personal computer to produce printed output of high quality that is camera-ready for a printing facility.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

desktop publishing

(text, application)
(DTP) Using computers to lay out text and graphics for printing in magazines, newsletters, brochures, etc. A good DTP system provides precise control over templates, styles, fonts, sizes, colour, paragraph formatting, images and fitting text into irregular shapes.

Example programs include FrameMaker, PageMaker, InDesign and GeoPublish.

http://cs.purdue.edu/homes/gwp/dtp/dtp.html.

Usenet newsgroup: news:comp.text.desktop.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

desktop publishing

Using a desktop computer to produce high-quality printed output or camera-ready output for commercial printing. For simple layouts, desktop publishing may be accomplished with a word processor; however, books and complicated designs require a publishing program, such as Adobe InDesign or QuarkXPress. The term was more popular when personal computers emerged in the 1980s. Today, everything is created on a desktop or laptop computer for publication, whether for print, CD, DVD or online.

Beyond Word Processing
A desktop publishing program (DTP), also called a "page layout program" or "publishing program," provides complete page design capabilities, including magazine style columns, rules and borders, page, chapter and caption numbering as well as precise typographic alignment. A key feature is its ability to flow text around graphic objects in a variety of ways. Although word processing programs may offer some of these features, a desktop publishing program provides much greater flexibility.

The Final Layout
Text and graphics may be created in a desktop publishing program, but graphics tools are often elementary. Typically, all data are created externally and imported into the publishing program. Text is generally created in a word processing program, and graphics are created in a drawing, CAD or paint program. Photos are modified and enhanced in an image editor. See graphics.

Print or Publish Online
A laser printer may be used for final output, but shaded drawings and photographs print better on commercial high-resolution imagesetters. For transfer to a commercial printer, documents are generally saved as PDF or PostScript files. For Web publishing, PDF is the de facto format for user manuals, data sheets and other documents. See PDF.

It Was a Revolution
Desktop publishing dramatically brought down the cost of page layout, causing many projects to be taken in-house. Predefined templates for newsletters, brochures and other publishing tasks help novices do respectable jobs. Nevertheless, there is no substitute for a graphic designer who knows which fonts to use and how to lay out the page artistically.


Desktop Publishing this Encyclopedia
Previous versions of this database were desktop published in PageMaker. The faint grid lines are used to align text and illustrations, which cause the elements to "snap to" them when dragged close.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
The necessity of developing such a digital infrastructure for the management of conferences and electronic publications emerged due to the following reasons:
The major nonprofit and for-profit publishers have embraced electronic publication as an increasingly important method of delivering their content.
Some publishers point to the capabilities of the networks to lower overhead and production costs, support a wider variety of advertising and marketing venues (for instance, broadcasting, narrow casting, and personal-casting), and the ability to increase margins by dealing directly with the reader rather than distributors and middlemen as signs electronic publication will provide new opportunities for publishers seeking to turn their fortunes around.
Lynch discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the print and electronic publication systems.
Al-Jaafari concluded that electronic publications are not confined to a limited sector of Saudi society and that the Kingdom is witnessing huge growth in the number of Internet users and social networks activists who are aware of their rights.
A study that appeared in the March issue of Florida Public Health Review --a joint electronic publication of the Florida Public Health Association and the University of South Florida College of Public Health--has attracted worldwide media attention, according to FPHA President Michael Napier, MS.
Hate Crime Statistics, 2008, is the third electronic publication in a trilogy of annual reports from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.
Products: One-source pdnt and electronic publication services ranging from turn-key publication management to copywriting; new publication startups, magazine production, newsletters, technical and sales training materials, advertorials, brochures, releases, ghost writing, graphic design, photography, editorial consulting and training
* LLYNEWS, a daily electronic publication distributed each morning via e-mail.
Versita (Warsaw), a publishing partner of Springer Science + Business (New York), has entered into a partnership with the Faculty of Law of Vytautas Magnus University (Kaunas, Lithuania), has begun the electronic publication of the "Baltic Journal of Law & Politics," a scholarly journal designed to be a platform for the publication of innovative and cross-border research in the fields of law and politics.
Even items written exclusively for the newspaper by a freelancer are not necessarily available for electronic publication by the publisher.

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