The electrorotation spectra of beads with more than a single attached E.
This work clearly demonstrates the sensitivity to be achieved using the electrorotation assay.
To understand the various observed transformations in the electrorotation spectra, mathematical modelling was performed with MatLab[R].
1 also shows that the electrorotation spectrum of an antibody-coated bead is markedly altered when either a single viable or nonviable E.
Antibody-coated latex beads therefore exhibit a distinct electrorotation spectrum.
In particular, we wished to determine whether electrorotation measurements are capable of detecting the viability of single Escherichia coli microorganisms attached to latex beads.
Automatic cell electrorotation measurements: studies of the biological effects of low-frequency magnetic fields and of heat shock.
Spherical particles can be made to rotate through electrorotation methods (177).
Jones, Basic theory of dielectrophoresis and electrorotation, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 22, 33-42 (2003).
Schwan, Electrorotation and levitation of cells and colloidal particles, Biophys.