Eleusis


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Eleusis

(ĭlo͞o`sĭs), ancient city of Attica, Greece, 12 mi (20 km) NW of Athens. Through ancient times it was the seat of the Eleusinian MysteriesEleusinian Mysteries
, principal religious mysteries of ancient Greece. The mysteries may have originated as part of an early agrarian festival peculiar to certain families in Eleusis. The Athenians later (c.600 B.C.) took over the ceremonies.
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. There was a large temple to Demeter. The Eleusinian games, also held there, were not connected with the mysteries. Excavation of the cemetery began in 1952; graves were found that date from the 7th and 8th cent. B.C. The temple and a type of theater with rock-cut seats for about 3,000 spectators were uncovered near the modern village of Eleusis.

Eleusis

 

a city in Attica, Greece, 22 km west of Athens.

Eleusis was settled in the Neolithic age; in the second millennium B.C. it was the capital of one of the Achaean states. The existing remains of defensive walls, a palace, a royal tomb, and burials of nobles indicate the important role of Eleusis in the 16th to 12th centuries B.C In the first millennium B.C the city was the center of the cult of Demeter and Persephone and the place where the Eleusinian mysteries were celebrated.

Excavations begun in 1882 uncovered a section of the Sacred Way leading from Athens to Eleusis and the remains of sanctuaries dating from the sixth century B.C. to the third century A.D. Architectural monuments and complexes have been only partially preserved. They include a necropolis with tholi and a megaron (both from the 15th—13th centuries B.C.); a sanctuary containing the ruins of telesterions (meeting halls for the mystery cult), built one above another in the age of Pericles (principal architect Ictinus) and under other rulers; the Small Propylaea (c. 40 B.C.); the Great Propylaea (second half of the second century A.D.); and Roman structures—two triumphal arches and the Temple of Artemis.

Aeschylus was born in Eleusis circa 525 B.C In A.D. 396 the city was destroyed by the Goths. An archaeological museum is located in Eleusis.

REFERENCES

Noack, F. Eleusis, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Leipzig, 1927.
Kourouniotes, K. Eleusis: A Guide to the Excavations and Museum. Athens, 1934.
Mylonas, G. E. Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries. Princeton, 1961.

Eleusis

a town in Greece, in Attica about 23 km (14 miles) west of Athens, of which it is now an industrial suburb
References in periodicals archive ?
On Eleusis, see Eunapius, Lives of the Philosophers, trans.
Indeed, at the time you were writing your dissertation--directed if I remember correctly by Marshall McLuhan and Northrop Frye--and later when you were working on A Light from Eleusis, there was no such thing as Carroll F.
Despite the efforts of campaigners, the uniquely preserved vessel has been laid up in Eleusis, Greece since 1990.
Die idee dat die genesing van siektes in die antieke wereld in geheimsinnigheid gehul was en met bo-menslike ingryping geassosieer was--soos wat uit hierdie aanvulling blyk--word versterk deur die neerskryf van woorde soos "misterie" langs die naam Eufese en "geheimenisse" bokant Eleusis.
After 1990 she was taken to Eleusis, Greece, to be laid up and occasionally used by Latsis as private quarters.
Xenophobic societies fall under a despot's rule when the fair-minded regent, Eleusis, is assassinated.
For example, Henry James, writing in 1882 about Leighton's picture Phryne at Eleusis, noted that "his efforts remain strongly and brilliantly superficial.
as well as the disguised Demeter's interactions with the mortal women of Eleusis, at the centre of its narrative.
Lucius Apuleius, who died about 1,800 years ago, was an unreconstructed Roman, who became an initiate of the cult of Isis, a weird sort of mystery religion which, like the more famous Mysteries at Eleusis, had no creeds, no scriptures, and no clergy.
Initiates into the Mysteries of the goddess Demeter, which were celebrated at Eleusis not far from Athens, were required to abstain from broad beans for some days before their initiation.
Contractor address : Centre d~affaires Eleusis 1, 1 rue Pierre et Marie Curie
He discusses the origins of the negative image, ideology, oligarchy, democracy, whether the general Phocion was good or bad, whether Stratocles of Diomeia was an audacious buffoon or shamelessly bold, and whether Callippus of Eleusis was a tin-pot general or a The Generalissimo.