Eleusis


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Eleusis

(ĭlo͞o`sĭs), ancient city of Attica, Greece, 12 mi (20 km) NW of Athens. Through ancient times it was the seat of the Eleusinian MysteriesEleusinian Mysteries
, principal religious mysteries of ancient Greece. The mysteries may have originated as part of an early agrarian festival peculiar to certain families in Eleusis. The Athenians later (c.600 B.C.) took over the ceremonies.
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. There was a large temple to Demeter. The Eleusinian games, also held there, were not connected with the mysteries. Excavation of the cemetery began in 1952; graves were found that date from the 7th and 8th cent. B.C. The temple and a type of theater with rock-cut seats for about 3,000 spectators were uncovered near the modern village of Eleusis.

Eleusis

 

a city in Attica, Greece, 22 km west of Athens.

Eleusis was settled in the Neolithic age; in the second millennium B.C. it was the capital of one of the Achaean states. The existing remains of defensive walls, a palace, a royal tomb, and burials of nobles indicate the important role of Eleusis in the 16th to 12th centuries B.C In the first millennium B.C the city was the center of the cult of Demeter and Persephone and the place where the Eleusinian mysteries were celebrated.

Excavations begun in 1882 uncovered a section of the Sacred Way leading from Athens to Eleusis and the remains of sanctuaries dating from the sixth century B.C. to the third century A.D. Architectural monuments and complexes have been only partially preserved. They include a necropolis with tholi and a megaron (both from the 15th—13th centuries B.C.); a sanctuary containing the ruins of telesterions (meeting halls for the mystery cult), built one above another in the age of Pericles (principal architect Ictinus) and under other rulers; the Small Propylaea (c. 40 B.C.); the Great Propylaea (second half of the second century A.D.); and Roman structures—two triumphal arches and the Temple of Artemis.

Aeschylus was born in Eleusis circa 525 B.C In A.D. 396 the city was destroyed by the Goths. An archaeological museum is located in Eleusis.

REFERENCES

Noack, F. Eleusis, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Leipzig, 1927.
Kourouniotes, K. Eleusis: A Guide to the Excavations and Museum. Athens, 1934.
Mylonas, G. E. Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries. Princeton, 1961.

Eleusis

a town in Greece, in Attica about 23 km (14 miles) west of Athens, of which it is now an industrial suburb
References in periodicals archive ?
The initiation ceremony at Eleusis involved three elements known as legomena, deikynema and dromena (3).
The following, on Hadrian and Eleusis, is a sample:
O motivo primordial da viagem delas de Argos ate o santuario de Eleusis e pleitear a devolucao dos corpos dos seus amados filhos, retidos em Tebas por um homem: Creonte.
ON THE MYTHOLOGICAL LEVEL, the counterpart to the Wonderland hall is the great hall in the Temple of Demeter-Persephone at Eleusis.
Cette figure divine sauvegardait en general les entrees, et quelquefois etait placee a lentree des sanctuaires dedies a d'autres divinites, comme par exemple a Selinonte, en Sicile (ou elle avait un enclos a cote des Propylees, dans lespace sacre de Demeter Malophoros) ou bien a Eleusis, ou sous lepiclese de Propylaia, elle beneficiait d'un petit temple a lentree du sanctuaire dedie a Persephone et Demeter (28).
Petrographic and chemical analyses of similarly described fabrics at the contemporary sites of Kolonna, Eleusis and Thebes have led Gauss and Kiriatzi to conclude that their chemical and mineralogical composition does not match that of other locally produced pottery at those sites, but is very closely related to local fabrics of Orchomenos.
During her attempt to evade Venus, she meets Ceres and invokes the cultus of Eleusis and Ceres's and Proserpine's descent into the underworld: "I pray thee.
Los misterios de Eleusis, esa fiesta iniciatica de la Grecia antigua dedicada a Demeter, tenian en su centro un brebaje que permitia ver la verdad.
Estos versos se refieren a los misterios de Eleusis, en los cuales el dios aparece junto a Demeter-Core en base a la comun pertenencia a la muerte y al renacimiento.
These lines have traditionally been interpreted as referring to the spectacles offered to the initiates in the course of the secret initiation of the [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] of Eleusis, often referred to as [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE INASCII] by our sources.
En el Himno a Demeter la fundacion de la iniciacion mistica en Eleusis por Demeter explica, justifica y requiere la representacion (aqui y ahora) tanto de la iniciacion como de los antiguos eventos narrados en el himno que rodean su fundacion.
Su viaje a traves de los mundos sobrenaturales se realizo como iniciacion a los misterios de Eleusis.