Elgin, Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of

Elgin, Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of,

1766–1841, British diplomat. He served on diplomatic missions to Vienna, Brussels, Berlin, and Constantinople. While in Constantinople (1799–1803), he arranged for the so-called Elgin MarblesElgin Marbles
, ancient sculptures taken from Athens to England in 1806 by Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of Elgin; other fragments exist in several European museums. Consisting of much of the surviving frieze and other sculptures from the Parthenon, a caryatid, and a column from the
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 to be brought to England. He was succeeded by his son James Bruce, who became the 8th earl of ElginElgin, James Bruce, 8th earl of
, 1811–63, British statesman, son of the 7th earl. He served as governor of Jamaica (1842–46) and in 1847 was appointed governor-general of Canada.
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