Elgin Marbles


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Elgin Marbles

(ĕl`gĭn), ancient sculptures taken from Athens to England in 1806 by Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of ElginElgin, Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of,
1766–1841, British diplomat. He served on diplomatic missions to Vienna, Brussels, Berlin, and Constantinople.
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; other fragments exist in several European museums. Consisting of much of the surviving frieze and other sculptures from the ParthenonParthenon
[Gr.,=the virgin's place], temple sacred to Athena, on the acropolis at Athens. Built under Pericles between 447 B.C. and 432 B.C., it is the culminating masterpiece of Greek architecture. Ictinus and Callicrates were the architects and Phidias supervised the sculpture.
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, a caryatidcaryatid
, a sculptured female figure serving as an ornamental support in place of a column or pilaster. It was a frequently used motif in architecture, furniture, and garden sculpture during the Renaissance, the 18th cent., and notably, the classic revival of the 19th cent.
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, and a column from the ErechtheumErechtheum
[for Erechtheus], Gr. Erechtheion, temple in Pentelic marble, on the Acropolis at Athens. One of the masterpieces of Greek architecture, it was constructed between c.421 B.C. and 405 B.C. to replace an earlier temple to Athena destroyed by the Persians.
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, they were sold to the British government in 1816 and are now on view in the British Museum. Since then, the Greek government has sought the return of the marbles. Although British claims are based on Elgin's purchase of the sculptures, Greece has contested this, and its position has many supporters.

Bibliography

See T. Vrettos, The Elgin Affair (1997).

Elgin Marbles

A collection of sculptures, taken from the Parthenon in Athens by Lord Elgin; preserved in the British Museum since 1816. The finest surviving work of Greek sculptural decoration of the Classical age; the collection includes a number of metopes, fragments of pediment statues, and an extended series of blocks carved in low relief of the cella frieze.
References in periodicals archive ?
Little wonder then on the muted response to the Elgin Marbles.
If your answer is positive then the priority should go to Elgin marbles since they were stolen almost two centuries ago.
The so-called Elgin marbles were friezes and pediment figures that decorated the Parthenon, which was constructed between 447-432 BC.
That rival went on to win the Redcar Two-Year-Old Trophy and run well in the big sales' race here yesterday, so Elgin Marbles could well be a lot closer to worthy favourite Ingleton than the prices will imply.
When they had already got them, as was the case with the British Museum and the Elgin Marbles, Duveen would still have liked to make an appearance.
After years of wrangling, Culture Secretary Tessa Jowell wants Britain to return the ancient Elgin Marbles to Athens before the Olympics are held there next year.
These are not Elgin marbles wrenched from a foreign culture," says Olivier Pavilion of Lausanne's Historical Museum.
These were partly inspired by the fragmented head of the horse of Selene from the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum.
Other foreign treasures in British hands include Greece's Elgin Marbles, a collection of sculptured plaster blocks from Athens' famous Parthenon ruins.
Athens by studying the Elgin Marbles at the British Museum and absorbing the elements of their composition.
The British Museum, whose world-famous collection includes the Elgin Marbles, is expected to make a pounds 25 million loss.
In 1926, "Returning Elgin Marbles to Athens Argued" made the news.