How might such well-known Native American figures as Samson Occom, William Apess, George Copway, Catharine Brown, Elias Boudinot
, Sarah Winnemucca (whom Gunn considers in a short concluding chapter), and others be re-envisioned if we entertained the possibility of excavating the many forms of expression, embodied as well as alphabetic, in their lives and works?
43) After the death of its first president, Elias Boudinot
, the managers of the ABS asked Jay to assume the presidency.
One of the ministry's founders and its first president, Elias Boudinot
, was a native son of Philadelphia.
He kept advising our fellow tribesman Elias Boudinot
(more about him later) about editing the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper, the first native publication in the world, and Elias kept helping him with his translations into our language of the New Testament, hymns, and other Christian literature.
1) The Treaty Party was made up of half-blooded Cherokees led by Elias Boudinot
, Stand Watie and Major Ridge.
, the founder and editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, took his name from this Elias Boudinot
because he paid for his education.
Next, a chronological look at "pan-tribal Native humor in written form," dating back to Alex Posey (Creek) at the turn of the twentieth century (12); Gruber discounts the much earlier, biting satire of writers like William Apess (Pequot) or Elias Boudinot
Many contributors report on less widely known writers, among them the contemporary poet, translator, and University of Georgia emeritus-professor Coleman Barks; the early nineteenth-century Cherokee journalist Elias Boudinot
, also named Gallegina or "the Buck"; and Will Harben, author of the sentimental White Marie (1889) and, according to James K.
Each of these pre-presidents held office for a single year: John Hanson (Nov 5 1781 to Nov 3 1782), Elias Boudinot
(1783), Thomas Mifflin (1784), Richard Henry Lee (1785), Arthur St.
Literary references to Poor Sarah, an early-nineteenth-century novella by Elias Boudinot
, and to Relocation, an offering from the vibrant 1960s era of grassroots change in the Cherokee Nation, suggest the range of Cherokee literary expression.
Sweet is quite adept at showing how and why Cherokee writers like Elias Boudinot
, John Rollin Ridge, and David Brown idealized Cherokee habits of farming and cultivation.
At the same time, many Cherokee attacked the paper's first editor, Elias Boudinot
, as a traitor to his people for supporting the removal.