"The simplicity of this method of writing, and the eagerness to obtain a knowledge of it," wrote the Cherokee politician and editor Elias Boudinot
How might such well-known Native American figures as Samson Occom, William Apess, George Copway, Catharine Brown, Elias Boudinot
, Sarah Winnemucca (whom Gunn considers in a short concluding chapter), and others be re-envisioned if we entertained the possibility of excavating the many forms of expression, embodied as well as alphabetic, in their lives and works?
(43) After the death of its first president, Elias Boudinot
, the managers of the ABS asked Jay to assume the presidency.
One of the ministry's founders and its first president, Elias Boudinot
, was a native son of Philadelphia.
He kept advising our fellow tribesman Elias Boudinot
(more about him later) about editing the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper, the first native publication in the world, and Elias kept helping him with his translations into our language of the New Testament, hymns, and other Christian literature.
Alves examines several different publications: A Wreath of Cherokee Rosebuds at Cherokee Female Seminary in the 185os, Our Monthly at Tullahassee Mission in the 187os, and the Harrell Monthly at Harrell International Institute in the 189os, linked by the influence of Cherokee Elias Boudinot
's call in 1826 for printing presses and high schools.
(1) The Treaty Party was made up of half-blooded Cherokees led by Elias Boudinot
, Stand Watie and Major Ridge.
(18) Mthough widely read (Peter Jones owned Adair's book), Elias Boudinot
's book A Star in the West, which built directly on Adair's argument, can be credited with popularizing this theory in the early nineteenth century (SF, 216).
The 10 essays here discuss such topics as Elias Boudinot
's 1837 letter on Cherokee removal, cross-dressing and virtuous citizenship in The Female Marine and "The Mess-Chest," Catharine Maria Sedgwick's portrayal of empathy and ethics in early America, Cooper's turn at satire in the age of Jackson, and Washington Irving and money.
Next, a chronological look at "pan-tribal Native humor in written form," dating back to Alex Posey (Creek) at the turn of the twentieth century (12); Gruber discounts the much earlier, biting satire of writers like William Apess (Pequot) or Elias Boudinot
Scholars Beckett (1934), Gabriel (1941), Martin (1947), Malone (1950), Holland (1956), Perdue (1977), Leubke (1972, 1979, 1981), and Riley (1976, 1979) provided exhaustive studies of the Phoenix and its famous editor, Elias Boudinot
. Two other Cherokee editors, John Rollin Ridge and Edward Bushyhead, had received modest treatment (Dale, 1926; Foreman, 1936).
Many contributors report on less widely known writers, among them the contemporary poet, translator, and University of Georgia emeritus-professor Coleman Barks; the early nineteenth-century Cherokee journalist Elias Boudinot
, also named Gallegina or "the Buck"; and Will Harben, author of the sentimental White Marie (1889) and, according to James K.