Elias Magnus Fries

(redirected from Elias Fries)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fries, Elias Magnus


Born Aug. 15, 1794, in Femsjö; died Feb. 8, 1878, in Uppsala. Swedish botanist; member of the Swedish Academy of Sciences (1847).

Fries was a professor at the universities of Lund (from 1824) and Uppsala (1834–59). He was one of the founders of the taxonomy of fungi and lichens. His Systema mycologicum was the basis of a nomenclature for most groups of fungi, just as C. Linnaeus’ Species plantarum was for vascular plants. Fries was a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1850).


Systema mycologicum, vols. 1–3. New York, 1952.


Krok, T. Bibliotheca botanica Suecana. Uppsala, 1925. (Bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.