Elias Lönnrot

(redirected from Elias Lonnrott)
Elias Lönnrot
BirthplaceSammatti, Uusimaa, Finland
physician, philologist, poetry collector
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lönnrot, Elias


Born Apr. 9, 1802, in the village of Sammatti; died there Mar. 19, 1884. Finnish folklorist. Son of a rural tailor; studied medicine.

Lönnrot was a professor of Finnish language and literature at the University of Helsinki. In 1827 he defended his dissertation, Väinämöinen, God of the Ancient Finns (written in Latin). He founded the first literary periodical in Finland, Mehiläinen, in 1836. Lö nnrot collected and transcribed epic and lyric runes of the folk singers of eastern Finland and Karelia. These materials formed the basis for his recreation of the Karelian-Finnish epic Kalevala (1st ed., 1835; enlarged 2nd ed., 1849) and the collection of lyric runes Kanteletar (1840–41). He also published the anthologies Finnish Folk Proverbs (1842) and Finnish Folk Riddles (1844) and compiled a Finnish-Swedish dictionary (1866–80).


Flora Fennica. Suomen Kasvisto. Koelma. Helsinki, 1860.


Kaunkonen, V. “Elias Lennrot, velikii uchenyi karelo-finskogo naroda,” Izv. AN SSSR: Otdelenie literatury i iazyka. 1952, vol. 11, issue 5.
Maailman kirjat ja kirjailijat. Edited by T. Anhava. Helsinki, 1957.
Tarkiainen, V., and E. Kauppinen. Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden historia, 2nd ed. Helsinki, 1961.
Laitinen, K. Suomen kirjallisuus 1917–1967, 2nd ed. Helsinki, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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It was compiled from popular songs and oral tradition by the Finnish philologist Elias Lonnrott (1802 - 84), who published his first edition of twelve thousand verses in 1835 and a second edition, nearly twice as long, in 1849.