Elie Wiesel

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Wiesel, Elie,

1928–2016, American writer, writing in French, b. Sighet, Romania. In 1944 the Nazis imprisoned him and his family at Auschwitz, an extermination camp, where his mother and sister were killed, and then at Buchenwald, a concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, where his father died; he alone survived. After the war, he studied at the Sorbonne. In the 1950s he was a correspondent for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. After living in France and Israel, he settled in the United States in 1956 and became a citizen in 1963.

Wiesel's dozens of novels, plays, retellings of biblical stories, and collections of Hasidic tales have focused on the importance of keeping the memory of the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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 alive. The autobiographical novel Night (1958) recounts the horrors he witnessed as a death camp inmate; it and two subsequent novels about concentration camp survivors, Dawn (1960) and The Accident (1961), comprise the Night Trilogy. Later works include A Jew Today (1978), The Fifth Son (1985), and The Judges (2002). For his efforts on behalf of oppressed peoples, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.


See his memoirs All Rivers Run to the Sea (1995) and And the Sea Is Never Full (1999); his Memoir in Two Voices (with F. Mitterrand, 1996); studies by R. M. Brown (1984) and M. Berenbaum (1987).

Wiesel, (Eliezer) Elie

(1928–  ) writer; born in Sighet, Romania. When he was 16, the Jews of his town were taken to Nazi concentration camps. The rest of his family died at Auschwitz and Buchenwald, but he managed to survive. After the war he studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and worked for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. He settled in the U.S.A. in 1956. He taught at City College of New York and became professor of humanities at Boston University (1976). His life was devoted to writing and speaking about the Holocaust, with the aim of making sure that it is never forgotten; he was one of the principal forces behind establishing the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. His first novel, Night (1956), was first published in Yiddish, and is based on his experiences in the death camps. Other novels include Dawn (1961) and Jews of Silence (1967). He also wrote plays, retellings of biblical stories, and Hasidic tales. In 1986 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work as a "messenger to mankind."
References in periodicals archive ?
He read a statement in absentia from Elie Weisel, and he quoted Martin Luther King, Jr.
Protestors against Syria and Iran gathered in New York City on Sunday and Monday and heard from Elie Weisel, Senators Hillary Rodham Clinton and Frank Lautenberg, as well as Israeli UN Ambassador Dan Gillerman.
Following in the footsteps of storytellers from Patricia Highsmith to Elie Weisel, this year's nod goes to Douglas Kennedy for "Losing It," the tale of a screenwriter whose abrupt success is a mixed blessing.
Patterson makes some ef fort to confront writers who believe, with Primo Levi, that "there is Auschwitz, and so there cannot be God," but for obvious reasons most of his study focuses on those, such as Elie Weisel, whose more compatible quarrel with God expresses anger and betrayal, but not atheism.
Other participants include Harvard Professor Cornel West, Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Weisel and women's rights advocate Betty Friedan, as well as singer Chaka Khan and former Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir.
These include arguing that Anne Frank's diary was a hoax, that Elie Weisel is a liar, that Hitler was simply a misunderstood watercolorist, and that Jews are such rotten people that, fiction or not, maybe a Holocaust wouldn't be such a bad idea.