Elie Wiesel


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Wiesel, Elie,

1928–2016, American writer, writing in French, b. Sighet, Romania. In 1944 the Nazis imprisoned him and his family at Auschwitz, an extermination camp, where his mother and sister were killed, and then at Buchenwald, a concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, where his father died; he alone survived. After the war, he studied at the Sorbonne. In the 1950s he was a correspondent for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. After living in France and Israel, he settled in the United States in 1956 and became a citizen in 1963.

Wiesel's dozens of novels, plays, retellings of biblical stories, and collections of Hasidic tales have focused on the importance of keeping the memory of the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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 alive. The autobiographical novel Night (1958) recounts the horrors he witnessed as a death camp inmate; it and two subsequent novels about concentration camp survivors, Dawn (1960) and The Accident (1961), comprise the Night Trilogy. Later works include A Jew Today (1978), The Fifth Son (1985), and The Judges (2002). For his efforts on behalf of oppressed peoples, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

Bibliography

See his memoirs All Rivers Run to the Sea (1995) and And the Sea Is Never Full (1999); his Memoir in Two Voices (with F. Mitterrand, 1996); studies by R. M. Brown (1984) and M. Berenbaum (1987).

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Wiesel, (Eliezer) Elie

(1928–  ) writer; born in Sighet, Romania. When he was 16, the Jews of his town were taken to Nazi concentration camps. The rest of his family died at Auschwitz and Buchenwald, but he managed to survive. After the war he studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and worked for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. He settled in the U.S.A. in 1956. He taught at City College of New York and became professor of humanities at Boston University (1976). His life was devoted to writing and speaking about the Holocaust, with the aim of making sure that it is never forgotten; he was one of the principal forces behind establishing the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. His first novel, Night (1956), was first published in Yiddish, and is based on his experiences in the death camps. Other novels include Dawn (1961) and Jews of Silence (1967). He also wrote plays, retellings of biblical stories, and Hasidic tales. In 1986 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work as a "messenger to mankind."
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Michael Zank, director of Boston University's Elie Wiesel Center for Jewish Studies:
Former foreign secretary and current president of the International Rescue Committee David Miliband tweeted: "Elie Wiesel told me that while the word refugee may not be popular, everyone needs refuge.
Elie Wiesel will be remembered by Palestinians for his racism and his propaganda services to their oppressors, ethnic cleansers and killers.
"...we are disgusted and outraged by Elie Wiesel's abuse of our history in these pages to justify the unjustifiable: Israel's wholesale effort to destroy Gaza and the murder of more than 2,000 Palestinians, including many hundreds of children.
We will discuss the way in which these experiences have been described in the American culture by two thinkers who have influenced the 20th century theories concerning this experience: Elie Wiesel and Richard Rubenstein.
The main story, Elie Wiesel's Paper and its implications through the Miriam Makeba saga, resulting in her making herself a posthumous citizen of the world by having her remains strewn in the ocean; to the madness and indignity of the "open toilets" saga in South Africa, a country where a few individuals have become filthy rich on the back of Black Economic Empowerment, one can only ask: What has become of our leaders' consciences?
The recipients are adjudged by a committee that includes seven Nobel Laureates in medicine and is led by Nobel Peace Prize-winner Elie Wiesel.
But the committee has often chosen very well: Mother Teresa, Lech Walesa, Elie Wiesel, the Dalai Lama, and Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi are among the honorees whose work exemplifies true service in the cause of peace.
Debra DeLee, president and CEO of Americans for Peace Now, said, today, that Holocaust survivor and Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel's "ad in the Washington Post and the Wall Street Journal brought tears to my eyes, for more than one reason.' In her statement published in response to Wiesel's ad, DeLee said one cannot be unmoved by his style, but that that the ad also saddened her, 'Because to follow your advice - to indefinitely postpone Israeli-Palestinian negotiations over Jerusalem - amounts to a future of blood and tears for Israelis and Palestinians alike.
In all nine candidates are running for the post, but Hosni's leading bid ran into trouble in May when Auschwitz survivor and Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel joined two French intellectuals to oppose his candidacy.
This moving film, recipient of the Best Documentary award at the Sun Valley Spiritual Film Festival, includes stories and interviews with people from many faiths, including Buddhist teacher Thich Nhat Hanh, Jewish Nobel Peace Laureate Elie Wiesel, the Islamic Azim Khamisa, Christian minister James Forbes, and Thomas Moore.
"Elie Wiesel once more confirms his influence as a master storyteller who can weave an intricate narrative into a complex portrait of a man at once obliterated and remade.