Elie Wiesel


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Wiesel, Elie,

1928–2016, American writer, writing in French, b. Sighet, Romania. In 1944 the Nazis imprisoned him and his family at Auschwitz, an extermination camp, where his mother and sister were killed, and then at Buchenwald, a concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, where his father died; he alone survived. After the war, he studied at the Sorbonne. In the 1950s he was a correspondent for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. After living in France and Israel, he settled in the United States in 1956 and became a citizen in 1963.

Wiesel's dozens of novels, plays, retellings of biblical stories, and collections of Hasidic tales have focused on the importance of keeping the memory of the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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 alive. The autobiographical novel Night (1958) recounts the horrors he witnessed as a death camp inmate; it and two subsequent novels about concentration camp survivors, Dawn (1960) and The Accident (1961), comprise the Night Trilogy. Later works include A Jew Today (1978), The Fifth Son (1985), and The Judges (2002). For his efforts on behalf of oppressed peoples, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

Bibliography

See his memoirs All Rivers Run to the Sea (1995) and And the Sea Is Never Full (1999); his Memoir in Two Voices (with F. Mitterrand, 1996); studies by R. M. Brown (1984) and M. Berenbaum (1987).

Wiesel, (Eliezer) Elie

(1928–  ) writer; born in Sighet, Romania. When he was 16, the Jews of his town were taken to Nazi concentration camps. The rest of his family died at Auschwitz and Buchenwald, but he managed to survive. After the war he studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and worked for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. He settled in the U.S.A. in 1956. He taught at City College of New York and became professor of humanities at Boston University (1976). His life was devoted to writing and speaking about the Holocaust, with the aim of making sure that it is never forgotten; he was one of the principal forces behind establishing the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. His first novel, Night (1956), was first published in Yiddish, and is based on his experiences in the death camps. Other novels include Dawn (1961) and Jews of Silence (1967). He also wrote plays, retellings of biblical stories, and Hasidic tales. In 1986 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work as a "messenger to mankind."
References in periodicals archive ?
If the conclusion does not provide exactly the messianic Redemption that readers of Elie Wiesel have come to expect, it does conclude with the very human, and humanistic--and Zionist--redemption that readers who focus on Wiesel's fictional world will henceforth know to look for, as they track the ongoing creation of Wiesel's oeuvre litteraire.
One of the goals of the Petra Conference is to formulate practical solutions that will be presented by King Abdullah II and Elie Wiesel at the World Economic Forum May 20-22 on the banks of the Dead Sea in Jordan.
NEW YORK & LOS ANGELES -- The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity and LRN today announced a partnership that challenges more college students to reflect on society's most urgent ethical issues.
Earlier this year, the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity and LRN partnered with the Miami-Dade County Public Schools to introduce the Prize in Ethics at the high school level.
Interviews with George Clooney and Elie Wiesel are available for download at http://edelman.
For this gathering today, to be here with a Nobel Laureate and world hero like Elie Wiesel, we invited over a dozen Democrats.
The advert is written by the Nobel-prize-winning author and Holocaust survivor, Elie Wiesel and an outspoken American-born Orthodox rabbi, Shmuley Boteach.
the amphitheater will fill with Chautauquans, who will have assembled to hear Elie Wiesel, Nobel Prize winner, Holocaust survivor, speak on the subject of good and evil.
After recounting the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem in 70 CE, Elie Wiesel notes, "All people usually celebrate victories.
But the committee has often chosen very well: Mother Teresa, Lech Walesa, Elie Wiesel, the Dalai Lama, and Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi are among the honorees whose work exemplifies true service in the cause of peace.
Following the American demand to halt construction in Jerusalem, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu contacted Elie Wiesel, one of the most respected authors in the United States, to help him appeal to US President Barack Obama.