Elie Wiesel


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Wiesel, Elie,

1928–2016, American writer, writing in French, b. Sighet, Romania. In 1944 the Nazis imprisoned him and his family at Auschwitz, an extermination camp, where his mother and sister were killed, and then at Buchenwald, a concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, where his father died; he alone survived. After the war, he studied at the Sorbonne. In the 1950s he was a correspondent for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. After living in France and Israel, he settled in the United States in 1956 and became a citizen in 1963.

Wiesel's dozens of novels, plays, retellings of biblical stories, and collections of Hasidic tales have focused on the importance of keeping the memory of the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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 alive. The autobiographical novel Night (1958) recounts the horrors he witnessed as a death camp inmate; it and two subsequent novels about concentration camp survivors, Dawn (1960) and The Accident (1961), comprise the Night Trilogy. Later works include A Jew Today (1978), The Fifth Son (1985), and The Judges (2002). For his efforts on behalf of oppressed peoples, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

Bibliography

See his memoirs All Rivers Run to the Sea (1995) and And the Sea Is Never Full (1999); his Memoir in Two Voices (with F. Mitterrand, 1996); studies by R. M. Brown (1984) and M. Berenbaum (1987).

Wiesel, (Eliezer) Elie

(1928–  ) writer; born in Sighet, Romania. When he was 16, the Jews of his town were taken to Nazi concentration camps. The rest of his family died at Auschwitz and Buchenwald, but he managed to survive. After the war he studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and worked for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. He settled in the U.S.A. in 1956. He taught at City College of New York and became professor of humanities at Boston University (1976). His life was devoted to writing and speaking about the Holocaust, with the aim of making sure that it is never forgotten; he was one of the principal forces behind establishing the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. His first novel, Night (1956), was first published in Yiddish, and is based on his experiences in the death camps. Other novels include Dawn (1961) and Jews of Silence (1967). He also wrote plays, retellings of biblical stories, and Hasidic tales. In 1986 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work as a "messenger to mankind."
References in periodicals archive ?
As the world mourns Elie Wiesel, the word that stays in my mind is porte-parole, the French word for spokesperson.
One of the symbolic images used by Elie Wiesel in his study of the human destiny and of God's destiny in order to reveal the death of Man and the death of God is the father image.
By Elie Wiesel, translated from the French by Catherine Temerson
Elie Wiesel very likely served as a model for Simon Stern and for Simon's friend and the novel's narrator, Nathan Gaza.
along with a smattering of New York notables including Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel.
examines the laughter in three contemporary multicultural novels: Gates of the Forest by Elie Wiesel, Silence by Shusaku Endo, and Beloved by Toni Morrison.
In her new role she will join the nine other UN messengers of peace: Israeli conductor Daniel Barenboim, American actors George Clooney and Michael Douglas, Nobel Peace Prize winner for literature Elie Wiesel, Chinese-American cellist Yo-Yo Ma, British primatologist Jane Goodall, Princess Haya Bint Al Hussein of Jordan, Brazilian writer Paulo Coelho and Japanese violinist Midori Goto.
It will be launched tomorrow at a dinner event to celebrate the Trust's 20th anniversary, attended by schools minister Ed Balls and Auschwitz survivor Elie Wiesel.
A man convicted of attacking Holocaust scholar Elie Wiesel in a San Francisco hotel will be released from jail after a judge sentenced him to two years, but gave him credit for time served and good behaviour.
Sharing the same level of ambition, Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel called for China to open its doors to the Dalai Lama and for an end to the conflict in Sudan's Darfur region.
He joins fellow actor Michael Douglas, Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, primate expert Jane Goodall, cellist Yo-Yo Ma, Israeli conductor Daniel Barenboim, Brazilian author Paulo Coelho, Japanese-American violinist Midori Goto, and Olympic equestrian competitor Princess Haya of Jordan.
The topic of today's Pacifica Forum will be "The Hate of Elie Wiesel," a discussion of the writings of Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel regarding hate.