Otis, Elisha Graves

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Related to Elisha Otis: Frederick Law Olmsted, Jonas Salk

Otis, Elisha Graves,

1811–61, American inventor, b. Halifax, Vt. From his invention (1852) of an automatic safety device to prevent the fall of hoisting machinery he developed the first passenger elevator (1857). The invention of the elevator was of great importance to architecture because it permitted the building of skyscrapers.
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It also coincides with the 150th anniversary of the invention of the elevator safety brake by Elisha Otis.
But it was Elisha Otis, cutting the rope on his lift with his sabre for a fee of $100 at the New York World's Fair of 1854 that started the modern lift industry and enabled city buildings to rise above four storeys.