Eliza Orzeszkowa

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Orzeszkowa, Eliza


Born June 6, 1841, in Miklowszczyzna, near Grodno; died May 18, 1910, in Grodno. Polish writer.

The daughter of a wealthy landowner, Orzeszkowa studied in a private school in Warsaw from 1852 to 1857. She began publishing in 1866. Her early novels and novellas, Mr. Graba (1869) and Marta (1873), are devoted to women’s struggle for dignity and emancipation. In the novels Eli Makower (1874–75) and The Brochwicz Family (1876) she portrays the dissolution of the patriarchal way of life among the gentry and the rise of the bourgeoisie, a persistent theme in her works. Until the 1880’s Orzeszkowa wrote in the so-called tendentious style. Among her most popular works were the novel Meir Ezofowicz (1878), the short-story collection From Different Spheres (vols. 1–3, 1879–82), and the novellas about the life of Byelorussian peasants—Lower Strata (1883), Dziurdziowie (1885), and The Boor (1888). Her mature style is best represented by the novel Along the Neman (1887), in which the degenerate gentry is contrasted with the hardworking tillers of the soil, faithful to the patriotic traditions of the Polish Uprising of 1863. Orzeszkowa’s last major works are the novel The Argonauts (1889) and the short-story collection Gloria Victis (1910). Her prose constitutes one of the crowning achievements of 19th-century Polish realism.


Listy zebrane, vols. 1–7. Warsaw, 1954–71.
In Russian translation:
Poln. sobr. soch., vols. 1–8. Kiev-St. Petersburg-Kharkov, 1902–10.
Soch., vols. 1–5. Moscow, 1953–54.


Tsybenko, E. Z. “Eliza Ozheshko.” In Istoriia pol’skoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
Jankowski, E. Eliza Orzeszkowa, 2nd ed., Warsaw, 1966. (Bibliography pp. 634–43).
żmigrodzka, M. “Eliza Orzeszkowa.” In Obraz literatury polskiej XIX i XX wieku, series 4, vol. 2. Warsaw, 1966. Pages 7–81.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Specific topics include: the faces of evil in King Lear, evil in disguise in the form of the convent in the Victorian Protestant novel, the problem of violence in the poetry of Theodore Roethke, social evil in the writings of Eliza Orzeszkowa and Charles Dickens, evil and intertextuality in William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury and Cormac McCarthy's Outer Dark, reading and writing evil in J.
The pogrom worsened Polish-Jewish relations, and was criticized by almost the entire Polish elite, including writers Eliza Orzeszkowa and Boleslaw Prus, and several other noted activists.
Skaff recounts a rather bizarre episode concerning one of Hertz's first feature-length films (1911) based on the novel Meir Ezofowicz (1878) by the Polish novelist Eliza Orzeszkowa.
Among the early female participants in the discourse, Eliza Orzeszkowa, whose views also reflected the "progressive" liberal agenda of Warsaw positivism, was the most noteworthy.
Glasenapp also discusses the depiction of ghetto life by non-Jewish writers, notably the Polish realist Eliza Orzeszkowa and the notorious Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, whose propensities introduce a striking note of eroticism into an otherwise somewhat sexless genre.
Contract notice: Reconstruction of the street mikolowska the section from the roundabout mikolEw eliza orzeszkowa street.
streets: eliza orzeszkowa nadrzeczna, water and pottery in rypin.