Seton, Saint Elizabeth Ann

(redirected from Elizabeth Ann Bayley)

Seton, Saint Elizabeth Ann,

1774–1821, American Roman Catholic leader, usually called Mother Seton, b. Elizabeth Ann Bayley, New York City. She was the daughter of a prominent physician. Her husband, William Seton, a successful merchant, died (1803) in Italy, leaving her with five young children. Soon afterward she became (1805) a Roman Catholic. This conversion severed her from her relatives, and she started a school in New York City to support her family. In 1808, invited by Bishop Carroll, she opened a school in Baltimore, then moved (1809) to Emmitsburg, Md., already the seat of a Catholic school for boys, Mt. St. Mary's. There she opened the first Catholic free school, the beginning of American parochial education and also founded St. Joseph's College (for women). About her she formed a community of women, which soon adopted the rule of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, the great sisterhood centered in Paris. This was the first American congregation of Daughters of Charity (or Sisters of Charity). Mother Seton was superior of her community; this had grown into 20 communities before her death. She was beatified in 1963 and canonized in 1975, thereby making her the first native-born American saint. Feast: Jan. 4. Her journals, letters, and memoirs have been published.

Bibliography

See tr. of selected writings by E. Kelly and A. Melville (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Rome--Pope Paul VI said the canonization of Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, the first native-born U.
In 1975, Pope Paul VI declared Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton the first U.
Seton Hall was founded nearly 150 years ago by the first bishop of Newark, James Roosevelt Bayley, who named the University after his aunt, Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, one of the great pioneers of Catholic education in the United States and the first American-born saint.
1321: Death of Italian poet Dante Alighieri; 1812: Napoleon and his army entered Moscow after capital had been abandoned by the Russians; ; 1852: Death of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington; 1901: American President William McKinley assassinated by anarchist while opening an exhibition in Buffalo, New York: 1959: USSR's Lunik II became first to spacecraft to land on the moon; 1975: Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, first United States saint, canonized by Pope Paul VI ; 1988: London taxi arrived in New Delhi with meter showing pounds 13,200 fare.
Anniversaries: 1321: Death of Italian poet Dante Alighieri; 1812: Napoleon and his army entered Moscow after their capital had been abandoned by the Russians; 1852: Death of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington; 1901: American President William McKinley assassinated by anarchist while opening an exhibition in Buffalo, New York: 1927: American dancer Isadora Duncan died after her scarf caught in her car wheel; 1959: USSR's Lunik II became first to spacecraft to land on the moon; 1975: Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, first United States saint, canonised by Pope Paul VI ; 1988: London taxi arrived in New Delhi with meter showing pounds 13,200 fare; 1992: UN troops landed in Somalia.