Elizabeth Cady Stanton

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Related to Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Sojourner Truth
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth Cady
BirthplaceJohnstown, New York
Writer, suffragist, women's rights activist, abolitionist

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815–1902, American reformer, a leader of the woman-suffrage movement, b. Johnstown, N.Y. She was educated at the Troy Female Seminary (now Emma Willard School) in Troy, N.Y. In 1840 she married Henry Brewster Stanton, a journalist and abolitionist, and attended with him the international slavery convention in London. The woman delegates were excluded from the floor of the convention; the indignation this aroused in Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott was an important factor in their efforts to organize women to win greater equality. With several others they called the first women's rights convention in the United States in 1848 at Seneca Falls, N.Y. Stanton insisted that a suffrage clause be included in the bill of rights for women that was drawn up at the convention.

Elizabeth Stanton was a brilliant orator and an able journalist, and as a writer and lecturer she strove for legal, political, and industrial equality of women and for liberal divorce laws. From 1852, despite occasional disagreements, she was intimately associated with Susan B. Anthony in leading the women's movement. She was president of the National Woman Suffrage Association (1869–90) and of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (1890–92). With Anthony as publisher she and Parker Pillsbury edited (1868–70) the Revolution, a militant feminist magazine. She compiled with Susan B. Anthony and Matilda Joslyn Gage the first three volumes of History of Woman Suffrage (1881–86) and wrote Eighty Years and More (1898).


See Elizabeth Cady Stanton as Revealed in Her Letters, Diary and Reminiscences (ed. by T. Stanton and H. S. Blatch, 1922); The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, ed. by A. D. Gordon (6 vol., 1997–2013); biographies by W. E. Wise (1960) and E. Griffith (1985).

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Stanton, Elizabeth Cady

(1815–1902) women's rights leader, feminist pioneer; born in Johnstown, N.Y. Daughter of a lawyer who made no secret of his preference for another son, she early showed her desire to excel in intellectual and other "male" spheres. She graduated from the Emma Willard's Troy Female Seminary (1832) and then was drawn to the abolitionist, temperance, and women's rights movements through visits to the home of her cousin, the reformer Gerrit Smith. In 1840 she married a reformer, Henry Stanton (omitting "obey" from the marriage oath), and they went at once to the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London, where she joined other women in objecting to their exclusion from the assembly. On returning to the U.S.A., Elizabeth and Henry had seven children while he studied and practiced law, and eventually they settled in Seneca Falls, N.Y. With Lucretia Mott and several other women, she called the famous Seneca Falls Convention in July 1848, drew up its "Declaration of Sentiments," and took the lead in proposing that women be granted the right to vote. She continued to write and lecture on women's rights and other reforms of the day (and for awhile adopted the new female clothing promoted by Amelia Bloomer), and after meeting Susan B. Anthony in 1851, she was one of the principals in promoting women's rights in general (such as divorce) and the right to vote in particular. During the Civil War she concentrated her efforts on abolishing slavery, but afterward she became even more outspoken in promoting women suffrage. She became publisher of the Revolution (1868–69), a militant weekly paper, and in 1869, with Susan B. Anthony, she formed the National Woman Suffrage Association, of which she was the first president (1869–90). Between 1868 and 1880 she also traveled widely as a popular lecturer on the lyceum circuit. She became one of the chief proponents of a woman suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution. She and Susan B. Anthony collaborated on the first three volumes of the History of Woman Suffrage (1881–86). When the two leading woman suffrage organizataions united as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, she served as its first president (1890–92). Meanwhile, she had long been critical of the role that the Bible and organized religion played in denying women their full rights, and with her daughter, Harriet Stanton Blatch, she published a critique, The Woman's Bible (2 vols. 1895, 1898). This brought considerable protest not only from expected religious quarters but from many in the woman suffrage movement. More so than many other women in that movement, she was able and willing to speak out on a wide spectrum of issues—from the primacy of legislatures over the courts and constitution to women's right to ride bicycles—and she deserves to be recognized as one of the more remarkable individuals in American history.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton's 1848 speech in Seneca Falls, New York, helped pave the way for -- many years later.
The Political Thought of Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Women's Rights and the American Political Traditions.
(1.) Elizabeth Cady Stanton, "Call to the Woman's Rights Convention and a Declaration of Sentiments," in The First Convention Ever Called to Discuss the Civil and Political Rights of Women, Seneca Falls, N.
The first was a letter written from Peterboro on August 1, 1868, by famed women's rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The second was written by an anonymous individual whose detailed description of the game and players indicates someone closely associated with the club; however, some corrections need to be made to the current historical record.
There are flashes of insight into such diverse cultural phenomena as John Bunyan, William Blake, Thomas Jefferson, Dan Brown, and the feminist Woman's Bible of the suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton. There is also an understanding both of the power of the Bible and of the perplexities which some of the books in its collection of biography, homilies, history, prophetic visions, and poetry can cause for anxious and devoted readers.
To probe these dynamics, Hempton samples nine individuals--George Eliot, Francis Newman, Theodore Dwight Weld, Sarah Grimke, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frances Willard, Vincent van Gogh, Edmund Gosse, and James Baldwin--and provides both a thumbnail religious biography and an account of each one's entrance into and exit from the evangelical fold.
Navy ship Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the last of the 28 men who raised their hands when they learned that a liberated concentration camp called Buchenwald in Germany needed volunteers who spoke European languages, the last of this group still alive to recall the horrors they saw in the spring of 1945.
Anthony was introduced to feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1851, and the two formed a lifelong bond.
This hour belongs to the Negro.' Frederick Douglass, despite his friendship with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and other leading women's activists, abandoned their cause as he famously propagated the argument that the postwar period was, in fact, as Lincoln stated, 'the Negro Hour'.
Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. May Wright Sewall additionally brought national and international attention to the women's rights movement through her involvement with the American national Council of Women and the International Council of Women.

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