Elizabeth Fry

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Elizabeth Fry
Elizabeth (Betsy) Gurney
BirthplaceNorwich, England

Fry, Elizabeth (Gurney),

1780–1845, English prison reformer and philanthropist. Deeply religious, she was recognized as a minister by the Society of Friends (Quakers). From 1813 she worked untiringly to improve the conditions of women in Newgate prison, advocating separation of the sexes, employment, and religious training. The success of her methods at Newgate impressed the government and were tried in other prisons. For several years she traveled throughout Europe, visiting penal institutions. Her other philanthropies included the founding of soup kitchens in London.


See her memoirs, ed. by her daughters (2 vol., rev. and enl. 1848, repr. 1972); biography by J. H. S. Kent (1963); studies by D. Johnson (1969) and J. Whitney (1937, repr. 1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Many Elizabeth Fry residents were adamant that one of the dead London Bridge attackers, who wore an Arsenal shirt, had lived in a flat at the complex but they did not know his full, real name.
Meanwhile, another resident at the Elizabeth Fry flats believed one of his neighbours was involved in the horror and had just hours before asked where he could hire a large van.
The current PS5 note features prison reformer Elizabeth Fry and the announcement by the Bank of England in 2013 that she would be replaced with the former prime minister caused an outcry as it could have meant that, apart from the Queen, there would be no female faces on the UK's notes.
The Bank of England was criticized in 2013 for the removal of the only female figure on its notes, social reformer Elizabeth Fry.
Where, on reflection, can you find Grace Darling, Elizabeth Barratt Browning and Elizabeth Fry all together?
When the Bank of England decided to replace the photo of Elizabeth Fry (an English social reformer who lived between 1780 and 1845) with the photo of Winston Churchill (the well-known British prime minister who lived between 1847 and 1965) on the back of the u5 bill, Caroline decided to fight the decision; honoring the historical prime minister should not come on the expense of the only woman depicted on the British banknote other than the queen.
A Charles Darwin B Sir Edward Elgar C Elizabeth Fry D Michael Faraday QUESTION 11 - for 11 points: In nautical parlance what name is given to the surface which forms the stern of a boat?
The announcement that Correctional Investigator of Canada Howard Sapers will probe why 60 per cent of federal women inmates are reportedly on at least one psychotropic drug --p from 42 per cent in 2001 --s being praised by prisoner advocates with the Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies.
In England, Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) was active in the caring for prisoners and fighting for penal reform.
The Bank- which prompted a high-profile campaign against the prospect of having no female characters, besides the Queen, on the UK's currency in April- had announced that Sir Winston Churchill would be put on the 5 pound note from 2016, replacing social reformer Elizabeth Fry.
A campaign for more famous women to be featured grew out of comments by Carney's predecessor, Mervyn King, when he said he would replace the image of social reformer Elizabeth Fry with Churchill on [pounds sterling]5 notes.
The pinstripe, bowler hatted brigade were accused of sexism when they announced that they were about to ditch the Victorian social reformer Elizabeth Fry from the PS5 note.