Elizabeth Fry

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Elizabeth Fry
Elizabeth (Betsy) Gurney
BirthplaceNorwich, England

Fry, Elizabeth (Gurney)

Fry, Elizabeth (Gurney), 1780–1845, English prison reformer and philanthropist. Deeply religious, she was recognized as a minister by the Society of Friends (Quakers). From 1813 she worked untiringly to improve the conditions of women in Newgate prison, advocating separation of the sexes, employment, and religious training. The success of her methods at Newgate impressed the government and were tried in other prisons. For several years she traveled throughout Europe, visiting penal institutions. Her other philanthropies included the founding of soup kitchens in London.


See her memoirs, ed. by her daughters (2 vol., rev. and enl. 1848, repr. 1972); biography by J. H. S. Kent (1963); studies by D. Johnson (1969) and J. Whitney (1937, repr. 1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Many Elizabeth Fry residents were adamant that one of the dead London Bridge attackers, who wore an Arsenal shirt, had lived in a flat at the complex but they did not know his full, real name.
A Charles Darwin B Sir Edward Elgar C Elizabeth Fry D Michael Faraday QUESTION 11 - for 11 points: In nautical parlance what name is given to the surface which forms the stern of a boat?
In England, Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) was active in the caring for prisoners and fighting for penal reform.
The Bank- which prompted a high-profile campaign against the prospect of having no female characters, besides the Queen, on the UK's currency in April- had announced that Sir Winston Churchill would be put on the 5 pound note from 2016, replacing social reformer Elizabeth Fry.
cr cth ws sE PS5 n The Bank were criticised when they said they were replacing social reformer Elizabeth Fry on PS5 notes with Sir Winston Churchill, with campaigners complaining there would not be any women represented.
A campaign for more famous women to be featured grew out of comments by Carney's predecessor, Mervyn King, when he said he would replace the image of social reformer Elizabeth Fry with Churchill on [pounds sterling]5 notes.
The pinstripe, bowler hatted brigade were accused of sexism when they announced that they were about to ditch the Victorian social reformer Elizabeth Fry from the PS5 note.
She soon learned she was the great great great great granddaughter of the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry, the woman featured on the back of the pounds 5 note.
You can read the King James version online, browse through a digitisation of the 1611 printing, watch short videos dramatizing the 'Bible revolution', experience life in 1611 London, listen to musical settings of bible verses or find out about Bible heroes ranging from Shakespeare through Elizabeth Fry to Mahalia Jackson.
Elizabeth Fry is rightly remembered as one of the more remarkable women in a remarkable century.
Partners for the event include the city's Aboriginal Services, Canadian Red Cross, Chinatown, the Elizabeth Fry Society, Institute for the Advancement of Aboriginal Women and the Urban Society for Aboriginal Youth.