Elizabeth Gaskell


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Gaskell, Elizabeth

 

Born Sept. 29, 1810, in London; died Nov. 12, 1865, in Holybourne, Hampshire. English author.

Gaskell’s first major work was the social novel Mary Barton: A Tale of Manchester Life (1848; Russian translation, 1860), which showed how hunger and poverty can lead the working people to thoughts of insurrection. Gaskell was the first English novelist to work with the theme of the Chartist struggle. The novel Cranford (1853) depicts the life of the small-town provincial. In the novel Ruth (1853), the story of a female worker who refuses to marry the “gentleman” who had seduced her is treated with respect, but religious and sentimental tendencies are intensified in North and South (1855). However, in both Sylvia’s Lovers (1863) and Wives and Daughters (1866; unfinished), one can find realistic passages. Gaskell also wrote a biography of Charlotte Brontë (vols. 1-2, 1857). Karl Marx placed Gaskell, along with Dickens and Charlotte Brontë, among the “brilliant pleiad of English novelists…” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 10, p. 648).

WORKS

Works, vols. 1-8. Edited by A. W. Ward. [London] 1907.
Letters. [Manchester, 1966.]
In Russian translation:
Sever i Iug. Moscow, 1857.
Ruf. In Vremia, 1863, no. 4. (Unfinished.)
Gorodok Krenford. St. Petersburg, 1867.
Zheny i docheri. In Otechestvennye zapiski, 1867, vols. 171-75.
Meri Barton. [Introduction by A. Elistratova] Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Shiller, F. P. “Elizaveta Gaskel’.” Iz istorii realizma XIX v. na Zapade. Moscow, 1934.
Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1955.
Grossman, L. “Dostoevskii i chartistskii roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1959, no. 4.
Hopkins, A. B. Elizabeth Gaskell: Her Life and Work. London [1952].
Pollard, A. Mrs. Gaskell: Novelist and Biographer. Cambridge, Mass., 1966.

I. M. KATARSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
I can best describe my reaction to the above scene by positing this analogy: Mary is to the Italian boy as the author Elizabeth Gaskell is to me.
The proceedings begin with material on Elizabeth Gaskell, author of North and South and other novels.
This recognition is powerfully, if indirectly, expressed in a passage from Margaret Oliphant's "The Sisters Bronte" quoted by Jenny Uglow in her recent biography of Elizabeth Gaskell.
Gaskell's Demon, are each concerned to refute the traditional view of Elizabeth Gaskell as a complacent conforming Victorian woman.
A variety of famous names have lived in Barford including social reformer Joseph Arch, novelists Elizabeth Gaskell and Evelyn Waugh, and actors Billie Whitelaw and Patrick Stewart.
The house of Elizabeth Gaskell, whose famous novel North And South emerged as a cotton-flecked TV masterpiece of mill owners at war a month or two back, is undergoing restoration and opens in Wilmslow to the public later this year.
uk; ring 01612472565; or write to her at the university's Department of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Elizabeth Gaskell Campus, Hathersage Road, Manchester, M13 0JA.
By defining "fallenness" as a form of attenuated subjectivity, a failure to maintain the privileged space of integrated selfhood, Anderson locates the social construction of the prostitute within Victorian debates over atomism and mechanism, suggesting that writers such as John Stuart Mill, Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and Elizabeth Barrett Browning participated in these debates by placing the prostitute and/or fallen woman at the center of their literary works.
Please write for course details to: The Lip Reading Teachers' Course, Manchester Metropolitan University, Elizabeth Gaskell Campus, Hathersage Road, Manchester, M13 0JA.
Years later, with books about George Eliot, Elizabeth Gaskell and William Hogarth to her name, she would bring the illustrator of that battered old book back to life in startlingly vivid fashion.
Her own books include the studies of George Eliot and Henry Fielding, and a biography of Elizabeth Gaskell.
Much of Mermin's study focuses on canonical women novelists and poets, including George Eliot, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charlotte and Emily Bronte, Christina Rossetti, and Elizabeth Gaskell.