Elizabeth Gaskell

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Gaskell, Elizabeth


Born Sept. 29, 1810, in London; died Nov. 12, 1865, in Holybourne, Hampshire. English author.

Gaskell’s first major work was the social novel Mary Barton: A Tale of Manchester Life (1848; Russian translation, 1860), which showed how hunger and poverty can lead the working people to thoughts of insurrection. Gaskell was the first English novelist to work with the theme of the Chartist struggle. The novel Cranford (1853) depicts the life of the small-town provincial. In the novel Ruth (1853), the story of a female worker who refuses to marry the “gentleman” who had seduced her is treated with respect, but religious and sentimental tendencies are intensified in North and South (1855). However, in both Sylvia’s Lovers (1863) and Wives and Daughters (1866; unfinished), one can find realistic passages. Gaskell also wrote a biography of Charlotte Brontë (vols. 1-2, 1857). Karl Marx placed Gaskell, along with Dickens and Charlotte Brontë, among the “brilliant pleiad of English novelists…” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 10, p. 648).


Works, vols. 1-8. Edited by A. W. Ward. [London] 1907.
Letters. [Manchester, 1966.]
In Russian translation:
Sever i Iug. Moscow, 1857.
Ruf. In Vremia, 1863, no. 4. (Unfinished.)
Gorodok Krenford. St. Petersburg, 1867.
Zheny i docheri. In Otechestvennye zapiski, 1867, vols. 171-75.
Meri Barton. [Introduction by A. Elistratova] Moscow, 1963.


Shiller, F. P. “Elizaveta Gaskel’.” Iz istorii realizma XIX v. na Zapade. Moscow, 1934.
Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1955.
Grossman, L. “Dostoevskii i chartistskii roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1959, no. 4.
Hopkins, A. B. Elizabeth Gaskell: Her Life and Work. London [1952].
Pollard, A. Mrs. Gaskell: Novelist and Biographer. Cambridge, Mass., 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Cambridge Companion to Elizabeth Gaskell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp.
The essay on Elizabeth Gaskell by Thomas Fair exemplifies some of the revisionist thinking of the collection--as well as the revisionist readings put forth by Blair of Woolf's matrilineal canon of writers.
As writers from the north of England who achieved their success at approximately the same time, for example, Bronte and Elizabeth Gaskell compared notes on the 'lionizing' process and their impressions of London and its literary life, and, in the way of friends, they exchanged books and discussed matters of interest such as Harriet Taylor Mill's Westminster Review article on the emancipation of women and the visit of Harriet Beecher Stowe to England.
6) Elizabeth Gaskell, North and South (1855; London: Penguin, 1995); hereafter cited parenthetically.
What: British miniseries adapted from the Elizabeth Gaskell novel about romance and gossip in a 19th-century English town.
She observes these at work in five Victorian authors: Charles Darwin, Robert Louis Stevenson, Elizabeth Gaskell, John Ruskin, and Walter Pater.
indicates that Charlotte Bronte and Elizabeth Gaskell, for example,
In particular, he focuses on the work of Thomas Hardy, Elizabeth Gaskell, D.
Scheherezade and the Marketplace Elizabeth Gaskell and the Victorian Novel.
Bronte's early biographer Elizabeth Gaskell was also a novelist who explored the contested public-private terrain.
A friend and mentor to a rising generation of woman writers and artists, including Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell, Harriet Martineau, Lady Byron, and George Eliot, Jameson insisted on a women's right to 'moral and legal autonomy'.
Professor Chapple has not written the first volume of a biography of Elizabeth Gaskell.