Elizabeth II

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Elizabeth II,

1926–, queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1952–), elder daughter and successor of George VIGeorge VI
(Albert Frederick Arthur George), 1895–1952, king of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1936–52), second son of George V; successor of his elder brother, Edward VIII. He attended the royal naval colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth and served in World War I.
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, and Britain's longest reigning monarch. At age 18 she was made a State Counsellor, a confidante of the king. During World War II she trained as a junior subaltern (second lieutenant) in the women's services. On Nov. 20, 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, duke of Edinburgh (see Edinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke ofEdinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke of
, 1921–, consort of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, b. Greece. He was the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice, daughter of Prince Louis of Battenberg, and a grandson of George I of Greece, great-grandson of
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). They were in Kenya (en route for a tour of Australia and New Zealand) when the king died (Feb. 6, 1952) and Elizabeth succeeded to the throne. Her coronation, on June 2, 1953, was the first to be televised. She is also head of state in a number of former British possessions and is head of the Commonwealth of Nations.

An extremely popular queen, Elizabeth has traveled more extensively than any previous British monarch. Throughout her reign, expanded media coverage has brought the monarchy closer to the British people. Although the queen, who in public is formal and unemotional, continues to be greatly admired and respected, since the mid-1980s a barrage of tabloid reports about her children and their spouses has tarnished the public image of the royal family. In 1992 she celebrated her 40th year on the throne, but it was also a year in which part of Windsor Castle suffered a devastating fire; her son Prince Andrew (b. 1960) separated from his wife, the former Sarah Ferguson (they were divorced in 1996); her daughter, Princess AnneAnne
(Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise), 1950–, British princess, only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh. She was educated at Benenden School.
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, divorced; and her son and heir to the throne Prince CharlesCharles
(Charles Philip Arthur George), 1948–, prince of Wales, eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and heir apparent to the British throne. He was created prince of Wales in 1958 and invested at Caernarvon Castle in 1969.
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 and his wife Princess DianaDiana,
princess of Wales, 1961–97, wife of Charles, prince of Wales, heir to the British throne. The daughter of the 8th Earl Spencer, Lady Diana Frances Spencer was a kindergarten teacher in London before her 1981 marriage to Charles.
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 separated (they were divorced in 1996). Elizabeth's youngest son is Prince Edward (b. 1964). In 1992 Elizabeth, the wealthiest woman in England, agreed to pay income tax for the first time. Although she was widely criticized for her seeming insensitivity in the days following Princess Diana's death (1997), she had regained the public's esteem by the time of her golden jubilee, less than five years later.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Longford (1984), S. Bradford (1996), B. Pimlott (1997), and S. B. Smith (2012).

Elizabeth II

 

Born Apr. 21, 1926, in London. Queen of Great Britain; of the House of Windsor.

Elizabeth II came to the throne in 1952, after the death of her father, King George VI.

Elizabeth II

born 1926, queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1952; daughter of George VI
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: His Highness Shaikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice - President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai met today afternoon Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Common Wealth at the sideline of the Royal Ascot Horse Racing Festival 2012.
His Majesty received cables of congratulations from King Hamad bin Issa al Khalifa of the Kingdom of Bahrain, President Ismail Omar Guelleh of the Republic of Djibouti, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov of the Republic of Turkmenistan, President Abdullah Wad of the Republic of Senegal, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth and President Paul Biya of the Republic of Cameron.
Prime Minister Erdogan is set to attend the reception to be hosted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and the luncheon to be given by British Prime Minister Gordon Brown in honor of the participating leaders.
28 (BNA): His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa has deputised his Personal Representative His Highness Shaikh Abdulla bin Hamad Al-Khalifa to attend the reception ceremony, which was hosted by British Ambassador Iain Lindsay on the birthday of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
James Bowden, as extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the Sultanate.
HRH Prince Andrew communicated to His Majesty the King greetings from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland and also greetings from HRH Crown Prince Charles and their best wishes of further progress and prosperity to Bahrain.
Muscat, March 9 (ONA) Sayyid Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said, Deputy Prime Minister for the Council of Ministers received here today Prince Edward, son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth.
21 (BNA) -- His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, today received a cable of thanks from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth, in reply to a congratulatory cable marking her birthday.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth will pay a four-day visit to the Sultanate starting from Thursday November 25th.
Manama, Aug 21 (BNA) -- His Royal Highness Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the Prime Minister, today received a cable of thanks from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth, in reply to HRH the Premier's congratulatory cable marking HM the Queen's birthday, in which HM the Queen expressed sincere thanks and appreciation to HRH the Premier's noble gesture, and wished him abundant health and happiness and for the people of Bahrain further progress and prosperity.
Muscat, April 20 (ONA) His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said has sent a cable of greetings to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (UK) of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth on the occasion of her Birth Day.